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RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
2218 Mission Street
Santa Cruz, California 95060
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2024:
Ashmead's Kernel Apple Widely regarded as one of the all-time best-flavored apples. Small to medium-sized fruit. Greenish to golden brown russet skin with reddish highlights. Creamy yellow flesh is aromatic, crisp and sweet. Fruit picked early is somewhat sharp and acidic, but mellows after a few weeks off the tree. Ripens after Red Delicious, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps 3-4 months. Used for dessert, cider and sauce. Resistant to powdery mildew, somewhat resistant to apple scab. Winter hardy tree, begins bearing at young age. From England, discovered in the early 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
Braeburn Apple Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. Discovered in New Zealand in 1952, grown in U.S. since 1980s. 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Cox Orange Pippin Apple Old favorite dessert apple: firm, juicy, sweet, rich flavor, not tart, distinctive aroma. Skin is orange red to bright red over yellow. Prefers moderate climate. Midseason. 800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California’s favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Ghost Apple For the apple lover who wants a truly unique variety, the Ghost apple is in a category by itself. Totally white skin and flesh with sweet, sub-acid flavor. Does well in hot climates. Harvest in early July. Pollenized by any mid-season blooming apple. 300-400 chill hours, high-chill adaptable. USPP applied for. (Zaiger)
Golden Russet Apple One of the great family orchard apples of 19th century America. Crisp, aromatic, sub acid, creamy yellow flesh with great flavor and legendary sugary juice. Used fresh and for cider, drying and cooking. Ripens about with Spitzenburg: late September/early October in Central CA. Ripe fruit hangs on the tree until frost, fruit stored properly keeps until April. Skin partly to almost completely russeted, varying from grayish-green or greenish-yellow to an attractive golden brown with orange highlights. Winter hardy, vigorous tree, bears mostly on the tips of branches. Medium size. Good disease resistance. Apparently originated in New York as a seedling of English Russet sometime in the 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination. USDA Zones 4-6.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-9.
Hudson's Golden Gem Apple One of the largest and best-flavored russet apples. Crisp, sugary, juicy flesh with flavor described as nutty by some, pear-like by others. Conical in shape with a very distinctive appearance: a smooth, uniform, grayish-gold or light yellowish-brown russet over the entire surface. Ripens after Jonagold, about with Melrose. In most climates where it is grown, the fruit hangs on the tree into winter. Good keeper. Medium-sized, vigorous, winter hardy tree. Resistant to scab, mildew and fire blight. Fruit tends to crack the first two or three years only. Chance seedling discovered in a fence row at Tangent, Oregon. Introduced in 1931. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours - proven very productive in trial with much less. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination. USDA Zones 3-9.
King David Apple Originated in 1893 as a chance seedling discovered on the orchard property of farmer Ben Frost of Durham, Arkansas. Fruit is medium size and round in shape. Exterior color is yellow with red to orange blush and striping. Flesh is pale cream yellow, firm and crunchy. Flavor is a balanced sweet and tart. Juicy and aromatic with hints of spice and wine. Some have proclaimed King David to be one of the best flavored apples available. This heirloom selection is good for fresh eating, sauce, baking and cider. Fruit harvests fall into winter. Pollination required with other mid to late season blooming varieties. Some pollinators include Fuji, Granny Smith, Lady Williams and Pink Lady. Once thought to have a high chill requirement. Recent studies have proven King David to be fruitful under very low winter chill conditions. Shows resistance to most common diseases and fireblight. Adaptable in USDA Zones 4 to 10
Multi-Bud Apple, Espaliered 3-tier, Braeb-Fuji-Gala-Gldn Del-Grav-Red Del 6n1 Six apple varieties on one 3-tier espaliered tree: Braeburn, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Gravenstein and Red Delicious.
Multi-Bud Apple, Espaliered 3-tier, Gala, Fuji, Anna, Dors Gldn, Braeb, Gr Smith 6n1 Six low-chill apple varieties on one 3-tier espaliered tree: Gala, Fuji, Anna, Dorsett Golden, Braeburn and Granny Smith
Sierra Beauty Apple A favorite late apple in Northern California. Yellow with red blush, rich sprightly flavor, moderately sweet. Excellent fresh or cooked. Good keeper. 700-800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Spitzenburg Apple Old variety, regarded by some connoisseurs as the very best dessert apple. Red over yellow skin, yellowish flesh. Firm, juicy, moderately sweet, renowned flavor. Good keeper. 800 hours. Pollenized by midseason blooming apples. USDA Zones 4-8.
Yellow Newton Pippin Apple Yellow green, late, firm, crisp, slightly tart, superb flavor. For peak flavor and acid/sugar balance, wait to harvest until cheeks are blushed yellowish-green (late Oct./early Nov. in Central CA). Good keeper. Famous for cooking, excellent fresh or dried. Vigorous tree. 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Blenheim (Royal) Apricot All-purpose freestone. Sweet, aromatic, flavorful - the long-time No. 1 apricot in California. Early bloom. Late June harvest in Central CA. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Katy Apricot Large, all-purpose, flavorful freestone. Tree-ripe fruit is subacid (not tart). A favorite apricot for warm-winter climates. Early harvest, 3-4 weeks before Blenheim (Royal). 200 to 300 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9. (Zaiger)
Cot-N-Candy White Aprium® Interspecific Apricot White flesh apricot-plum hybrid. Medium-sized with incredible flavor, very sweet and juicy. Ripens early- to mid-July. Self-fruitful. 400 hours. USDA Zones 7-10. (Pat. No. 17827) (Zaiger)
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Royal Crimson Cherry The long-awaited low-chill self-fruitful sweet cherry from Zaiger Genetics, Royal Crimson is a consistent producer of large, tasty, crimson-red fruit. Harvest is early to mid May. This important new variety is also an excellent pollenizer for Minnie Royal and Royal Lee. Estimated chill requirement 200-300 hours. Patent applied for. (Zaiger)
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Black Mission Fig The industry standard. Purplish-black skin, strawberry-colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Black Beauty Mulberry (Morus nigra sp.) Large, shiny fruit similar to Persian. Can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Attractive to birds. Self-fruitful. 200 hours or less. USDA Zones 4-10.
Pakistan Fruiting Mulberry Morus alba 'Pakistan' Long (3 inches), firm, red to black, sweet fruit. Non-staining juice. Month-long early summer harvest. Fruit used fresh and for pies, jams and jellies. Large, vigorous, disease-resistant tree.
Persian Fruiting Mulberry Morus nigra 'Persian' Small sour plum. Crisp, dark yellow flesh. Widely grown and recognized among Middle Eastern cultures. Early ripening. Best crops when pollenized by another late blooming plum. 400-600 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Arctic Star White Nectarine Earliest to ripen of the low acid, super-sweet white nectarines. Rave reviews in trial tastings. Beautiful dark red skin, snow white semi-freestone flesh. Ripens mid-June in Central CA, 4-5 weeks ahead of Arctic Rose. Low winter chilling requirement, about 300 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 9332) (Zaiger)
Double Delight Nectarine Sensational fruit: consistently the best flavored yellow nectarine plus magnificent, double pink flowers. Dark red-skinned, freestone fruit is sweet, with unusually rich flavor - very high scoring in taste tests. Heavy-bearing tree. Harvest early to mid-July in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Arctic Babe Miniature Interspecific Nectarine From world famous Floyd Zaiger, a genetic dwarf white nectarine, the first of its kind. Reliable, self-fruitful. Ripe late May to early June in Central CA. 700 hours or less. (Zaiger)
Arbequina AS1® Olive Arebequina has become California's top variety for oil production. Mild and fruit flavor with low bitterness, the fruit is very high in oil content. It has a compact growing habit and is moderately frost hardy. Self-fruitful, but produces higher yields when planted with a pollenizer such as Arbosana.
Frost Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl (10-year trials at Washington State Univ.). Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish-yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. Showy pink bloom in spring. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Honey Babe Miniature Peach Sweet, yellow freestone, rich peach flavor. Heavy bearing 5 ft. tree. Early to mid-July in Central California. Excellent choice for home orchard. 400 hours or less. Partly self-fruitful, sometimes shy-bearing without a pollenizer. (Zaiger)
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
Multi-Bud Pear Espaliered, Com-Bart-Bosc-DAnj-RD-FB 6n1 6n1 espalier: Comice, Bartlett, Bosc, D'Anjou, Red D'Anjou and Flemish Beauty.
Seckel Pear Connoisseurs' favorite. Sweet, flavorful, aromatic, spicy, perhaps the best dessert pear. Russeted brown skin. Resists fire blight. 500 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D’Anjou, or other pear, but not Bartlett.
Fuyu (Jiro) Persimmon (“Apple Persimmon”) Medium size, flat shape, still crunchy when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practically pest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Hachiya Persimmon Large, deep orange-red, acorn-shaped. Hot summer required to mature the fruit. Sweet, flavorful, astringent until soft ripe. Mature fruit can be frozen and thawed to ripen. Productive, ornamental tree. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Burgundy Plum Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. High taste test scores. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Very productive tree with narrow, upright habit. 300 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Santa Rosa Plum Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Reddish purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Dapple Dandy Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Ranks with Flavor King and Flavor Supreme Pluot® varieties as best-flavored fruit at Dave Wilson Nursery tastings. Creamy white and red fleshed freestone with wonderful plum-apricot flavor. Skin greenish-yellow with red spots, turning to a maroon and yellow dapple. August harvest in Central CA. 400-500 hours. USDA Zones 5-10. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot®, Flavor King Pluot®, Santa Rosa, Catalina or Burgundy Plum. (Zaiger)
Flavor King Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Unique plum-apricot hybrid with sensational bouquet and sweet, spicy flavor. Reddish-purple skin, crimson flesh. Harvest mid-August in Central CA. Naturally small tree. 400 hours or less. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot® or Dapple Dandy Pluot® and Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa plum. (Zaiger)
Eversweet Pomegranate Very sweet, virtually seedless fruit. (Even immature fruits are sweet.) Red skin, clear (non-staining) juice. Harvest late summer through fall. Coast or inland. 8-10 ft. arching shrub, or train as tree or espalier. Large, showy, orange-red flowers. 150 hours. Self fruitful.
Sweet Pomegranate Sweeter fruit than Wonderful, more widely adapted (better quality in cool-summer climates). Small, glossy-leafed, ornamental tree with showy orange-red blossoms in late spring. Very suitable to espalier and container growing. Harvest late summer. Unsplit ripe fruit stores in cool, dry place for two months or more. Very low chilling requirement, about 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Early Italian (Richards) Prune Similar to Italian, but sweeter, slightly larger and more productive. Shorter growing season requirement than Italian (ripens 1-2 weeks earlier). Originated near Yakima, Washington. Introduced in 1935. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Jewel Southern Highbush Blueberry One of California's leading commercial varieties due to its high adaptability. Exceptional growth and high yields. Midseason harvest of large to very large berries with tangy sweet flavor. Chill requirement estimated at 200 hours. Self-fruitful, zones 7-10. (U.S Plant Patent #11807)
Jubilee Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Midseason, sweet, firm berry. Upright and quite compact, with fruit borne on the outer periphery of the bush. Chilling requirement is estimated at 400-500 hours.
Misty Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Early season. In the West Misty is quite vigorous, growing very well on the coast and in the inland heat. This especially flavorful fruit does well in areas with chilling as low as 150 hours and all areas with mild winters and hot summers.
O'Neal Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush (low chill, tolerates heat). Large fruit is especially sweet and flavorful. Early season. Soil must be acidic, high in humus. 5-6 ft. bush. 200 hours. Self-fruitful, but plant two varieties for largest crops.
Sunshine Blue Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern highbush. Great flavored firm berries. Ripens May 10 through June 15 at Gainesville, Florida. Semi-dwarf evergreen bush with great fall color. Showy hot pink flowers fade to white in spring. Self-fruitful. Estimated chilling required 150 hours, but very cold hardy as well.
Baba Red Raspberry Everbearing Red Raspberry - Extra large berries up to 1 1/2" long. Wonderful warm weather variety particularly well suited to Southern California’s coastal and inland valleys. Fine flavor and good for all uses. Bears heavy crop May-July with a smaller late summer crop through fall. Hardy to zero degrees. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 6-11.
Black Satin Blackberry Thornless - Large firm berries 1.5" to 2", glossy black color fading to dull when ripe. Highly productive, semi-trailing vine with minimal suckering. Midseason harvest. Self- fruitful, but more productive with a second variety. Best in zones 5-9.
Canby Thornless Raspberry Thornless - the only red thornless raspberry. Large to very large fruit are firm, juicy and of fine flavor. Good for all uses. Viroid and aphid resistant. Very winter hardy, grows best in cooler summer areas. Harvest June, July. Self-fruitful, best in zones 4-9.
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Olallieberry (“Olallieberry”) - Rubus argutus - Medium size berries are sweeter than tart with an old- fashioned wild blackberry flavor. Developed in Oregon but does extremely well in California. Harvest July through summer. Highly adaptable. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4- 11.
Prime Ark Freedom® Blackberry First thornless primocane blackberry, from U of Arkansas. Large fruit with good flavor, floricane fruit ripens early July. New canes (primocanes) begin fruiting mid-August in years when summer heat is not excessive. For home gardens and local markets; short storage life. Upright growth habit, but may require some support. USDA Zones 5-9. Pat. No. 26990.
Blueberry Grape Heirloom variety from Chico, CA similar to a seedless Concord. Small to medium with distinct blueberry overtones. Medium-sized clusters color up in August, but develop best flavor when left on the vine during hot autumn weather. Good shelf life when refrigerated. Use for jams, raisins, fresh eating.
Himrod Seedless Grape Hybrid of Thompson Seedless and American grape. Highest quality pale green berries. Vine more winter hardy than Interlaken. Early harvest. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Interlaken Seedless Grape Hybrid of Thompson Seedless & American. More cold hardy than Thompson. Less heat to ripen. Pale green berry is sweet, crisp. Early harvest. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Pinot Noir Grape Small black berries that yield the famous French Burgundy wines. Requires cool summers, cane pruning. Early harvest. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Suffolk Red Seedless Grape Russian seedless x American. Hardier than European grapes, less heat to ripen. Largest berries of the hybrids. Early, excellent quality. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune
Issai Hardy Kiwifruit Actinidia arguta 'Issai' . Fuzzless fruit: no need to peel. Smaller than the standard kiwi, often sweeter. Very high in vitamin C. Much more winter hardy than Hayward. New growth tender to frost, but plant recovers quickly. Often sets fruit the first year. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Dwarf Everbearing Mulberry Morus sp. 'Dwarf Everbearing' (Morus nigra) This bush form of mulberry continuously produces sweet blackberry-like fruit throughout the spring and early summer. A great choice for container growing, minor pruning will keep the plant compact. Mature height 10-20ft. if grown in the ground. Widely adapted, self-fruitful.