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RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
Landis Produce & Nursery
45 County Rd 257
Alturas, California 96101
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2023:
Ashmead's Kernel Apple Widely regarded as one of the all-time best-flavored apples. Small to medium-sized fruit. Greenish to golden brown russet skin with reddish highlights. Creamy yellow flesh is aromatic, crisp and sweet. Fruit picked early is somewhat sharp and acidic, but mellows after a few weeks off the tree. Ripens after Red Delicious, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps 3-4 months. Used for dessert, cider and sauce. Resistant to powdery mildew, somewhat resistant to apple scab. Winter hardy tree, begins bearing at young age. From England, discovered in the early 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
Belle de Boskoop Apple Highly esteemed cooking and pie apple. Heavy crops of large to very large fruits. Green and red skin in patches and stripes with a brown russet extending from the base. Coarse, crisp, juicy, creamy white flesh is richly flavored, sweet-tart and highly aromatic. Keeps well, improves in storage. Very late harvest, with Yellow Newton Pippin and Granny Smith. Large tree, open shape with drooping branches. Originated in Holland in 1856. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-7.
Braeburn Apple Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. Discovered in New Zealand in 1952, grown in U.S. since 1980s. 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Cortland Apple Large red apple derived from McIntosh. Long-time favorite in Eastern U.S. for fresh eating, cooking and cider. Sweet tart, flavorful, non-browning white flesh. Early harvest, a few days after McIntosh. Precocious, productive tree is hardy to -40 deg F. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-6.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California’s favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10. A.k.a. Yellow Delicious.
Liberty Apple Disease resistant, cold hardy apple. Resists scab, rust, mildew, fire blight. Solid red even in hot climate. Crisp, rich sprightly flavor. Fresh or cooked. Early fall harvest. Interfruitful with Red Delicious, Empire, McIntosh. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
McIntosh Apple Round, bright to dark red over green, superb quality in cool climates. Crisp, aromatic, subacid & sweet. Dessert/cooking. Early harvest. 900 hours. Partly self-fruitful, or pollenized by Red Delicious, Gala, or other. USDA Zones 4-7.
Red Gravenstein Apple Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful & tart. Green with red stripes. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties. USDA Zones 2-9.
Wealthy Apple Multi-use heirloom variety. Medium sized fruit, pale yellow with red highlights, ripens to full scarlet. Crisp, juicy white flesh with pink highlights. Long bloom period makes it an excellent pollenizer. Some resistance to scab, fire blight and cedar apple rust. Developed in Minnesota, 1860. 800 to 1,000 hours. USDA zones 2 to 8. Self-fruitful, best crops with cross-pollination.
Winter Banana Apple Large, round, especially beautiful apple: pale yellow waxy skin blushed with rosy pink. Crisp, tangy, juicy flesh is highly aromatic with a mild, banana-like flavor. Long time favorite dessert apple in CA's mild winter coastal climates. Good cider apple. Harvest mid to late-September in Central CA. Good keeper. Vigorous, spreading tree bears at young age. Excellent pollenizer for other apples. Originated in Indiana, introduced in 1890. Low winter chilling requirement, less than 400 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops if cross-pollenized. USDA Zones 4-9.
Goldcot Apricot Productive even in cold, humid climates. Medium-sized fruit with golden yellow skin and yellow-orange freestone flesh. Juicy, with tangy flavor, used fresh and for freezing and canning. Originated in Michigan, introduced in 1967. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Harcot Apricot From Canada. Frost hardy late bloom. Resists brown rot and perennial canker. Medium to large fruit ripens early to mid-June in Central CA. Sweet, juicy, rich flavor - one of the best. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Harglow Apricot Late-blooming, productive tree, proven in coastal Northwestern climates. Medium size, bright orange fruit sometimes blushed red. Orange freestone flesh is firm, sweet, flavorful. Resistant to perennial canker and brown rot, resists cracking. Originated in Ontario, Canada. Introduced in 1982. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Bali Sour Cherry Natural dwarf to 7 ft. Large 1” fruit is the sweetest of the sour cherries. Ripens late August. Discovered near Edmonton, Alberta Canada: hardy to -40. Self-fruitful. Est. chill requirement 400-700 hours. USDA Zones 3-9.
Black Tartarian Cherry Medium-sized, nearly black, sprightly flavor, early season. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 5-7.
Craig's Crimson Cherry Taste test winner. Natural semi-dwarf sweet cherry. Dark red to nearly black, medium to large size, wonderful spicy flavor, very firm texture. Mature tree size about 2/3 of standard (smaller when budded onto Colt or Mahaleb rootstock). Harvest midseason. 500-600 hours. Partly self-fruitful, but pollenizer recommended: a midseason or later bloomer such as Bing, Black Tartarian, Rainier, Stella, Utah Giant, Van. USDA Zones 4-9. (Zaiger)
Lambert Cherry Large, black, late harvest. Highest quality, rivaling Bing. Less susceptible to cracking due to later season. 800 hours. Pollenized by Van, Rainier, or Black Tartarian. USDA Zones 5-9.
Montmorency Sour Cherry Large, light red skin, yellow flesh. Perfect for cobblers, pies, etc. Extremely winter hardy. Very heavy bearing. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Rainier Cherry Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful. Very cold hardy. Midseason harvest. 700 hours. Pollenized by Van, Lambert, Lapins, Black Tartarian & Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.
Black Beauty Mulberry (Morus nigra sp.) Large, shiny fruit similar to Persian. Can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Attractive to birds. Self-fruitful. 200 hours or less. USDA Zones 4-10.
Donut (Stark Saturn) White Peach Also called Saucer or Peento peach. Unique white-fleshed fruit with a sunken center (shaped like a doughnut). Sweet, with a mild flavor described by some as almond-like. Ripens late June/early July in Central CA. Estimated chilling requirement 200-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Elberta Peach Famous yellow freestone. Classic, rich peach flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Use fresh, canned or cooked. Ripe late July/early August in Central CA, up to 3-4 weeks later in colder climates. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.
Redhaven Peach Long one of the world’s most widely planted peaches. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens early July in Central CA. Frost hardy, excellent producer. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Reliance Peach Late blooming. Very cold hardy/frost hardy. Sweet, flavorful yellow freestone - best choice for climates having severe cold in winter and spring. Harvest 2-3 weeks before Elberta. Showy bloom. 1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
Veteran Peach One of the most reliable peaches for cold climates: winter hardy and late blooming. Yellow to yellow-orange skin. The richly flavored yellow flesh is freestone when fully ripe. Harvest one week before Elberta. 900 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
Bosc Pear Long and narrow shape, brown skin. Superb quality, one of the best. Harvest late October. Use fresh or cooked. Susceptible to fire blight in warm, moist climates. 500-600 hours. Pollenized by Bartlett or other pear.
D'Anjou Pear Large, short necked, firm, good quality, keeps well. Harvest September 1st, one month after Bartlett in Central CA. 800 hours. Pollenized by Bartlett.
Sensation Red Bartlett Pear High quality Bartlett-type fruit with attractive red skin. Relatively small tree. 700 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, or other pear.
Emerald Beaut Plum One of the highest-rated plums in blind fruit tastings at DWN. Light green skin, greenish-yellow to orange freestone flesh. Harvest begins late August in Central CA. Ripe fruit continues to sweeten, becoming exceptionally sweet, but remaining crisp and crunchy. Ripe fruit holds on tree longer than any other stone fruit: two months or more! 600-700 hours. Pollenizer required: Beauty, Burgundy, Late Santa Rosa, Nubiana, Flavor King Pluot. (Pat. No. 9162) (Zaiger)
Stanley Prune Large, dark blue skin. Juicy, sweet, delicious, greenish-yellow meaty flesh, freestone. Late summer harvest. Late blooming, extremely cold hardy and reliable. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bluecrop Northern Highbush Blueberry No. 1 variety, the standard of excellence. Upright, vigorous, Northern Highbush. Very productive. Large, firm, great flavor. Fruit does not drop or crack. Tolerates hot summers if soil is moist, acidic, and high in humus. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Jelly Bean® Blueberry Medium to large flavorful blueberries that harvests mid-summer. Unique, elongated leaves make this compact grower great for the edible landscape or patio pot. Self-fruitful. Zones 4-9. Est. chill requirement 600 hours or less. U.S. plant patent no. 24662.
Pink Lemonade Northern Highbush Blueberry A hybrid of Rabbiteye and Southern Highbush. A recently released selection developed in the 1970s by U.S.D.A. Beautiful interior and exterior pink colors develop with peak ripeness. Unique sprightly sweet flavor - highly desired by dessert chefs. Used as contrast with blue varieties. Zones 4-9. Self-fruitful. Est. chill requirement 300 hours.
Top Hat Southern Highbush Blueberry Northern Highbush hybrid, a lowbush dwarf variety growing to 16-24" tall. Medium, firm, sweet, light blue berries that last for several weeks. Good flavor. Completely covered with white, bell shaped flowers for several weeks. Great fall color. Self-fruitful. Perfect for growing in a pot on the patio or indoors in a sunny window. Hardy in USDA Zones 3-8.
Baby Cakes® Blackberry A dwarf, bush blackberry perfect for the patio pot. This thornless variety produces large, sweet berries in the summer often with a second crop in most regions. U.S. plant patent # 27,032. Self-fruitful. Zones 4-9. Est. chill requirement 400 hours.
Chester Blackberry Thornless - Very large, sweet, high quality fruit. Flavorful even prior to peak ripeness. Semi-trailing growth habit, disease resistant. Well-known for winter hardiness. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 5-7; however, good production and flavor noted in zones 8–10.
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Campbell's Early Grape Large, purplish-black, American grape. Ripens two weeks earlier than Concord, keeps well. Adapted to cool summer climates. Productive, winter hardy vine. Hybridized in Ohio, tested in New York, introduced in the 1890s. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Spur prune.
Canadice Seedless Grape Early ripening red seedless grape derived from Himrod. Extremely winter hardy. First choice seedless grape for cold winter climates. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Spur prune.
Concord (Eastern) Grape Versatile, long-time favorite American grape. Blue-black berry with rich, distinctive flavor, used for table, juice, jelly and wine. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Himrod Seedless Grape Hybrid of Thompson Seedless and American grape. Highest quality pale green berries. Vine more winter hardy than Interlaken. Early harvest. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.