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RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
Landis Produce & Nursery
45 County Rd 257
Alturas, California 96101
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2022:
Ashmead's Kernel Apple Widely regarded as one of the all-time best-flavored apples. Small to medium-sized fruit variable shape, often lop-sided. Greenish to golden brown russet skin with reddish highlights. Creamy yellow flesh is aromatic, crisp and sweet. Fruit picked early is somewhat sharp and acidic, but mellows after a few weeks off the tree. Ripens after Red Delicious, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps 3-4 months. Used for dessert, cider and sauce. Resistant to powdery mildew, somewhat resistant to apple scab. Winter hardy tree, begins bearing at young age. From England, discovered in the early 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
Belle de Boskoop Apple Highly esteemed cooking and pie apple. Heavy crops of large to very large fruits. Green and red skin in patches and stripes with a brown russet extending from the base. Coarse, crisp, juicy, creamy white flesh is richly flavored, sweet-tart and highly aromatic. Keeps well, improves in storage. Very late harvest, with Yellow Newton Pippin and Granny Smith. Large tree, open shape with drooping branches. Originated in Holland in 1856. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-7.
Braeburn Apple New, from New Zealand. Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California's favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-8.
Multi-Bud Apple, Fuji-Gala-Mutsu-Jonagold Fuji, Gala, Mutsu and Jonagold budded onto M-111 rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Mutsu Apple A favorite of connoisseurs: very large, crisp and flavorful. Late September/October harvest. Pick when green or wait until partly yellow. Large, vigorous tree resists powdery mildew. 500 hours. Pollenizer required: Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala. USDA Zones 4-8.
Pink Pearl Apple Unusual pink fleshed, highly aromatic fruit. Medium-sized, cream and pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Tart to sweet-tart, depending on time of picking. Early fall harvest. Good keeper. Makes colorful, tasty applesauce. Early, profuse, pink blossoms in spring. 600 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-8.
Red Gravenstein Apple Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful & tart. Green with red stripes. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties. USDA Zones 2-9.
Wealthy Apple Extremely winter hardy tree, producing high quality fruit for dessert and culinary use. Medium to large size, skin red and yellow when first picked for cooking - solid red or nearly so when fully tree-ripe. The white flesh (sometimes streaked with red) is crisp, very juicy, with a distinct, sprightly, fruity flavor. Early harvest, about with McIntosh. Keeps 2-3 months in cool location. Small, compact-growing tree begins bearing at young age. Best on fertile soil. Profuse, prolonged bloom: good pollinator for other varieties. Originated in Minnesota about 1860. 1,000 hours. Self-fruitful.
Brittany Gold Apricot This sweet apricot is a very consistent producer in the Dave Wilson test orchard, and has proven to perform in tough climates where no other apricots do. This large, firm fruit has an extremely long season for an apricot, hanging for two weeks or more at the end of July. Self-fruitful. Estimated chilling requirement 500-700 hours. U.S. Plant Pat. No. 13504 (Zaiger)
Chinese Apricot Cold hardy, frost hardy, sets heavy crops of small to medium size sweet fruit. Recommended for difficult climates prone to spring frosts. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-7.
Goldcot Apricot Productive even in cold, humid climates. Medium-sized fruit with golden yellow skin and yellow-orange freestone flesh. Juicy, with tangy flavor, used fresh and for freezing and canning. Originated in Michigan, introduced in 1967. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
Harcot Apricot From Canada. Frost hardy late bloom. Resists brown rot and perennial canker. Medium to large fruit ripens early to mid-June in Central CA. Sweet, juicy, rich flavor one of the best. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Harglow Apricot Late-blooming, productive tree, proven in coastal Northwestern climates. Medium size, bright orange fruit sometimes blushed red. Orange freestone flesh is firm, sweet, flavorful. Resistant to perennial canker and brown rot, resists cracking. Originated in Ontario, Canada. Introduced in 1982. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Hosui Asian Pear Consistently rated the best-tasting Asian pear at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large, juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Brownish-orange russeted skin. Harvest early to mid-August in Central CA. 300-400 hours. Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or 20th Century.
Bali Sour Cherry Natural dwarf to 7 ft. Large 1” fruit is the sweetest of the sour cherries. Ripens late August. Discovered near Edmonton, Alberta Canada: hardy to -40. Self-fruitful. Est. chill requirement 400-700 hours. USDA Zones 3-9.
Black Tartarian Cherry Medium-sized, nearly black, sprightly flavor, early season. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 5-7.
Craig's Crimson Cherry Taste test winner. Self-fruitful, natural semi-dwarf sweet cherry. Dark red to nearly black, medium to large size, wonderful spicy flavor, very firm texture. Mature tree size about 2/3 of standard (smaller when budded onto Colt or Mahaleb rootstock). Harvest begins early. 500-600 hours. USDA Zones 5-9. (Zaiger)
English Morello Sour Cherry Late-ripening tart cherry for cooking, sometimes eaten fresh when fully ripe. Dark red to nearly black fruit with dark juice. Small, round-headed tree with drooping branches (easy to harvest). European origins obscure, introduced to America prior to 1862. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Lambert Cherry Large, black, late harvest. Highest quality, rivaling Bing. Less susceptible to cracking due to later season. 800 hours. Pollenized by Van, Rainier, or Black Tartarian. USDA Zones 5-9.
Montmorency Sour Cherry Large, light red skin, yellow flesh. Perfect for cobblers, pies, etc. Extremely winter hardy. Very heavy bearing. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
North Star Dwarf Sour Cherry Attractive, densely foliated, naturally small tree grows to about 8-10 ft. Hardy to -40 deg F, very productive, resists cracking and brown rot. Often bears in second year. Large, meaty, tart, red-skinned fruit with red juice. Excellent for pies and cobblers, also used fresh when fully ripe. From Minnesota, introduced in 1950. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Rainier Cherry Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful. Very cold hardy. Midseason harvest. 700 hours. Pollenized by Van, Lambert, Lapins, Black Tartarian & Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Utah Giant Cherry The industry favorite sweet cherry in Utah. Larger, firmer, more flavorful than Bing or Lambert. Good canner. Does not double. 800 hours. Pollenizer required: Bing, Lambert, Rainier, Van. USDA Zones 5-9.
Black Beauty Mulberry (Morus nigra sp.) Large, shiny fruit similar to Persian, known for its flavor. Can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Ripens early summer. Attractive to birds. Self-fruitful. 200 hours or less. USDA Zones 7-10.
Fantasia Nectarine Popular, large yellow freestone. Early harvest fruit is firm ripe and tangy, later harvest is sweet with rich flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central CA. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Redhaven Peach Long one of the world's most widely planted peaches. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens early July in Central CA. Frost hardy, excellent producer. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Reliance Peach Late blooming. Very cold hardy/frost hardy. Sweet, flavorful yellow freestone - best choice for climates having severe cold in winter and spring. Harvest 2-3 weeks before Elberta. Showy bloom. 1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
Veteran Peach One of the most reliable peaches for cold climates: winter hardy and late blooming. Yellow to yellow orange skin. When fully ripe the yellow flesh is freestone and richly flavored. Harvest one week before Elberta. 900 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bosc Pear Long and narrow shape, brown skin. Superb quality, one of the best. Harvest late October. Use fresh or cooked. Susceptible to fire blight in warm, moist climates. 500-600 hours. Pollenized by Bartlett or other pear.
Emerald Beaut Plum One of the highest-rated plums in blind fruit tastings at DWN. Light green skin, greenish-yellow to orange freestone flesh. Harvest begins late August in Central CA. Ripe fruit continues to sweeten, becoming exceptionally sweet, but remaining crisp and crunchy. Ripe fruit holds on tree longer than any other stone fruit: two months or more! 600-700 hours. Pollenizer required: Beauty, Burgundy, Late Santa Rosa, Nubiana, Flavor King Pluot. (Pat. No. 9162) (Zaiger)
Stanley Prune Large, dark blue skin. Juicy, sweet, delicious, greenish-yellow meaty flesh, freestone. Late summer harvest. Late blooming, extremely cold hardy and reliable. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bluecrop Northern Highbush Blueberry No. 1 variety, the standard of excellence. Upright, vigorous bush. Very productive. Large, firm, great flavor. Fruit does not drop or crack. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Jelly Bean® Blueberry Large, sweet, flavorful blueberries in mid-summer. Foliage has distinctive elongated, green leaves with highlights of red in cooler climates. Mounded, compact growth habit to 1-2 ft., well suited to patio container growing or decorative use in landscape. Chilling requirement observed to be much lower than advertised, productive to zone 10. USDA zones 4-10. USDA zones 4-10. U.S. Plant Patent #24662.
Pink Lemonade Northern Highbush Blueberry Pink Lemonade offers something unique in edible fruits. White translucent berries mature to a luscious bright pink and taste wonderfully sweet with a firm, clear texture. 'Pink Lemonade' will produce farther south than many traditional blueberry cultivars. Berry color and flavor will attract both gourmet cooks and those seeking a culinary novelty. However, it is the beauty of the plant that will earn respect of gardeners everywhere.
Top Hat Southern Highbush Blueberry Lowbush, dwarf variety, growing to 16-24 tall. Medium, firm, sweet, light blue berries that last for several weeks. Good flavor. Completely covered with white, bell shaped flowers for several weeks. Great fall color. Self-fruitful. Perfect for growing in a pot on the patio or indoors in a sunny window. Hardy in USDA Zones 3-8.
Baby Cakes® Blackberry Dwarf, thornless blackberry with compact, rounded growth habit to 3-4 ft., ideal for patio pots. Large, sweet berries. Chilling requirement observed to be much lower than advertised, productive to zone 10. USDA zones 4-10. USDA zones 4-10. U.S. Plant Patent #27032.
Chester Blackberry Thornless, semi-trailing. Large, very sweet, flavorful even when firm. Fruit retains color and quality even in the heat. Begins to ripen just as Triple Crown finishes. Chester is the most winter hardy thornless blackberry and is very resistant to cane blight. Good variety for the Midwest and Deep South. Provide support for the vines. USDA Zone 5-7 (possibly 5-9).
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Canadice Seedless Grape Early ripening red seedless grape derived from Himrod. Extremely winter hardy. First choice seedless grape for cold winter climates. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Spur prune.
Concord Seedless Grape American grape, a sport of Concord. Berries very similar to Concord, but seedless (or seeds very rare). Bluish-black skin, green flesh, distinctive Concord flavor. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Issai Hardy Kiwifruit Actinidia arguta 'Issai' . Fuzzless fruit: no need to peel. Smaller than the standard kiwi, often sweeter. Very high in vitamin C. Much more winter hardy than Hayward. New growth tender to frost, but plant recovers quickly. Often sets fruit the first year. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Mesa Carpathian Walnut From the University of New Mexico. Winter hardy, late blooming. Large, well-sealed nuts are resistant to sunburn. Plump, light-colored kernels of good flavor. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut.)