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RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
Mangy Moose Mercantile
114 W. Railroad
Plains, MT 59859
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2023:
Arkansas Black Spur Apple Large, late season. Dark red skin, high quality even where summer nights are warm. For dessert and cooking. Keeps many months. Chilling requirement 500-600 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Partly self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Braeburn Apple Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. Discovered in New Zealand in 1952, grown in U.S. since 1980s. 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Empire Apple Sweet and juicy with sprightly flavor, a cross of McIntosh and Red Delicious. McIntosh-type apple for hot summer climates. Heavy bearing tree. Early fall harvest. Good pollenizer for Mutsu, Gravenstein, Winesap, Jonagold. 800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California’s favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Granny Smith Apple From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 400 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-9.
Jonagold Apple Superb flavor, a connoisseur's choice. A cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious. Yellow with red-orange blush. Crisp, juicy, subacid, all-purpose. 700-800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Pollenized by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith or Red Delicious, but not Golden Delicious.
Jonathan Apple Heavy annual bearer, high quality when well grown. Cooks well. Medium to dark red. Crisp, juicy, moderately tart, flavorful. August harvest in Central CA. 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
McIntosh Apple Round, bright to dark red over green, superb quality in cool climates. Crisp, aromatic, subacid & sweet. Dessert/cooking. Early harvest. 900 hours. Partly self-fruitful, or pollenized by Red Delicious, Gala, or other. USDA Zones 4-7.
Pink Lady® Apple Hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful in many western U.S. climates; pollenizer recommended for best production. 300-400 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Red Delicious (Bisbee Spur) Apple Sweet, crisp, flavorful perhaps the best Red Delicious. Early fall. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. 700 hours. Pollenized by Liberty, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala. USDA Zones 4-7.
Chinese Apricot Cold hardy, frost hardy, sets heavy crops of small to medium size sweet fruit. Recommended for difficult, spring frost-prone climates. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Harcot Apricot From Canada. Frost hardy late bloom. Resists brown rot and perennial canker. Medium to large fruit ripens early to mid-June in Central CA. Sweet, juicy, rich flavor - one of the best. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Moorpark Apricot Long-time favorite of apricot fanciers for its exceptionally rich flavor and aroma. Reliable producer. Used fresh and for canning. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Perfection Apricot Very productive, hardy tree. Fruit is very large, sweet and juicy. Performs well where spring frost is a problem. USDA Zones 4-9.
Tomcot Apricot A consistently productive apricot variety. Large, orange fruit with firm, sweet flesh. Slightly tart, old-time apricot flavor. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Wenatchee Moorpark. Originated at Prosser, WA, introduced in 1989. 500 hours or less. Partly self-fruitful, largest crops if pollenized by another apricot. USDA Zones 4-9.
Flavor Delight Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Apricot-plum hybrid. Resembles an apricot but with a distinctive flavor and texture all its own. High taste-test scores, one of the most flavorful early season fruits. Early June. Very low chilling requirement, less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful, but largest crops when pollenized by another apricot. (Zaiger)
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Craig's Crimson Cherry Taste test winner. Natural semi-dwarf sweet cherry. Dark red to nearly black, medium to large size, wonderful spicy flavor, very firm texture. Mature tree size about 2/3 of standard (smaller when budded onto Colt or Mahaleb rootstock). Harvest midseason. 500-600 hours. Partly self-fruitful, but pollenizer recommended: a midseason or later bloomer such as Bing, Black Tartarian, Rainier, Stella, Utah Giant, Van. USDA Zones 4-9. (Zaiger)
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as ‘Self-fertile Bing.’ Ripens 4 days after Bing. 500 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Montmorency Sour Cherry Large, light red skin, yellow flesh. Perfect for cobblers, pies, etc. Extremely winter hardy. Very heavy bearing. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Rainier Cherry Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful. Very cold hardy. Midseason harvest. 700 hours. Pollenized by Van, Lambert, Lapins, Black Tartarian & Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.
Royal Rainier Cherry Large yellow cherry with slightly more red blush than Rainier. Excellent flavor, taste test winner. Ripens early, about 3-5 days ahead of Rainier. Chill requirement 500 hours. Pollenized by Bing, Black Tartarian and Lapins. USDA Zones 5-9. (Zaiger)
Utah Giant Cherry The industry favorite sweet cherry in Utah. Larger, firmer, more flavorful than Bing or Lambert. Good canner. Does not double. 800 hours. Pollenizer required: Bing, Lambert, Rainier, Van. USDA Zones 4-9.
Multi-Bud Cherry-Plum, Sprite-Delight Sprite and Delight budded onto Citation rootstock.
Spice Zee NectaPlum™ Interspecific Nectarine The first NectaPlum® from Zaiger Hybrids. White-fleshed, nectarine x plum. Skin is dark maroon at fruit set, and turns pale pink when ripe. Fully ripe fruit is unparalleled in flavor, and both nectarine and plum traits are easily detectable. The tree is quite ornamental: tremendous purplish pink bloom in the spring followed by a flourish of red leaves which mature into lush green in late summer. Self-fruitful. Very productive. 200-300 hours. High chill adaptable. (Pat. No. 13503) (Zaiger)
Atomic Red White Nectarine With one of the most intense blooms we’ve ever seen on a fruiting tree, Atomic Red Fruiting & Flowering Nectarine is sure to amaze. The deep red of the double flower acts like a beacon, calling all eyes to marvel at the beauty in your yard. But exceptional bloom is not all Atomic Red provides; it sets edible fruits as well. A white nectarine, Atomic Red ripens in mid-June. The fruit is medium to large, with sweet white flesh. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 26647 (Zaiger)
Fantasia Nectarine Popular, large, yellow freestone. Early harvest fruit is firm-ripe and tangy, later harvest is sweet with rich flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central CA. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Mericrest Nectarine Very cold hardy, frost hardy, late bloom. Crops after sub-zero winters. Large, red-skinned yellow freestone with rich tangy flavor. Very high scoring in taste tests, highly recommended. Mid-July in Central CA. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Contender Peach Contender is a proven producer of high quality, all-purpose freestone peaches for cold climates. The medium to large-sized firm fruit is sweet, juicy, aromatic and very flavorful. Mostly red skin, non-browning yellow flesh. Vigorous tree, frost tolerant late-blooming buds, moderate to good resistance to bacterial spot. Harvest about three weeks after Redhaven. Introduced by North Carolina State University in 1989. Chilling requirement 800 hours. Self-fruitful. Zones 4-9.
Cresthaven Peach Golden yellow with a bright red blush. Freestone flesh is firm and juicy, bright yellow with red around the pit. Resists browning. Good for canning or freezing (or shipping). Vigorous, productive tree tends to over set. Above average bud hardiness, some resistance to bacterial spot. 850 hours. Self-fruitful.
Elberta Peach Famous yellow freestone. Classic, rich peach flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Use fresh, canned or cooked. Ripe late July/early August in Central CA, up to 3-4 weeks later in colder climates. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.
Redhaven Peach Long one of the world’s most widely planted peaches. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens early July in Central CA. Frost hardy, excellent producer. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Reliance Peach Late blooming. Very cold hardy/frost hardy. Sweet, flavorful yellow freestone - best choice for climates having severe cold in winter and spring. Harvest 2-3 weeks before Elberta. Showy bloom. 1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
White Lady White Peach Among the best of the low acid/high sugar white peaches - a farmer's market favorite. Red-skinned fruits are medium to large, very firm, freestone. Introduced in 1986. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
Seckel Pear Connoisseurs' favorite. Sweet, flavorful, aromatic, spicy, perhaps the best dessert pear. Russeted brown skin. Resists fire blight. 500 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D’Anjou, or other pear, but not Bartlett.
Beauty Plum Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in cool, rainy climates). Red over yellow skin, amber flesh streaked red. Ripens June in Central CA, a week or more before Santa Rosa. 250 hours. Self-fruitful.
Laroda Plum Very high scores for flavor and overall appeal in Dave Wilson Nursery taste tests. Dark purple skinned fruit with juicy, richly-flavored red and amber flesh. Prolonged harvest: late July to late August in Central CA, 5-6 weeks after Santa Rosa. 400 hrs. Pollenizer required: Santa Rosa, Late Santa Rosa, Burgundy, Nubiana.
Santa Rosa Plum Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Reddish purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Superior Plum Hybrid plum: Japanese x American. Large, firm, delicious fruit. Bears earlier and heavier than most plum trees. Ripens in August-September. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Flavor Grenade Pluot® Interspecific Plum Elongated green fruit with red blush. Crisp texture, explosive flavor. Taste test winner. Hangs on the tree for 4-6 weeks. Pollenized by Flavor King Pluot®, Dapple Dandy Pluot®, Emerald Drop Pluot® or Santa Rosa plum. 300-400 hours. (Pat. No. 12097) (Zaiger)
Flavor King Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Unique plum-apricot hybrid with sensational bouquet and sweet, spicy flavor. Reddish-purple skin, crimson flesh. Harvest mid-August in Central CA. Naturally small tree. 400 hours or less. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot® or Dapple Dandy Pluot® and Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa plum. (Zaiger)
Early Italian (Richards) Prune Similar to Italian, but sweeter, slightly larger and more productive. Shorter growing season requirement than Italian (ripens 1-2 weeks earlier). Originated near Yakima, Washington. Introduced in 1935. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Stanley Prune Large, dark blue skin. Juicy, sweet, delicious, greenish-yellow meaty flesh, freestone. Late summer harvest. Late blooming, extremely cold hardy and reliable. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bluecrop Northern Highbush Blueberry No. 1 variety, the standard of excellence. Upright, vigorous, Northern Highbush. Very productive. Large, firm, great flavor. Fruit does not drop or crack. Tolerates hot summers if soil is moist, acidic, and high in humus. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Elliott Northern Highbush Blueberry Very late ripening Northern Highbush. Medium-sized light blue berries with high acid, slightly tart flavor. Plant is upright, vigorous and a heavy producer, with an extended harvest period of four to five weeks.
Legacy Northern Highbush Blueberry A USDA introduction from the blueberry research station in New Jersey. Vigorous grower producing medium to large size berries late in the season. Uniquely robust sweet flavor, highly rated in USDA trials. Zones 4-8. Estimated at 800 chill hours. Self-fruitful.
Anne Raspberry The largest and best tasting of the yellow raspberries. Bears summer into fall. Very sweet, quarter-size fruit. Requires good drainage. Highly adaptable but can experience winter cane dieback in colder climates. Productive in the Gulf Coast region. Low-chill. USDA Zones 3-10.
Black Satin Blackberry Thornless - Large firm berries 1.5" to 2", glossy black color fading to dull when ripe. Highly productive, semi-trailing vine with minimal suckering. Midseason harvest. Self- fruitful, but more productive with a second variety. Best in zones 5-9.
Boysenberry Thornless Rubus ursinus var. loganobaccus, a hybrid of blackberry, raspberry, dewberry and loganberry. Very large berry up to 2.5", dark maroon in color with an intense, tangy, sweet flavor. Excellent quality with few seeds and a pleasant aroma. Vine-like trailing growth habit. Harvest through summer. Self-fruitful, best in zones 5-10.
Canby Thornless Raspberry Thornless - the only red thornless raspberry. Large to very large fruit are firm, juicy and of fine flavor. Good for all uses. Viroid and aphid resistant. Very winter hardy, grows best in cooler summer areas. Harvest June, July. Self-fruitful, best in zones 4-9.
Fall Gold Raspberry Everbearing - Hybrid of Taylor X wild Korean mountain berry X Fall Red. Large to very large golden berries of excellent flavor. Extremely sweet and soft textured. Very adaptable and winter hardy. Harvest June through fall. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Triple Crown Blackberry Thornless - Named for its three crowning attributes: flavor, productivity and vigor. Large, firm and flavorful berries. Can produce up to 30 lbs. of fruit per vine. Great for fresh use and canning. Long, semi-trailing canes require support. Highly adaptable. Summer harvest. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 5-10.
Goji Berry Lycium barbarum (aka Wolfberry) Highly acclaimed for high nutrient and antioxidant value. Recently termed a superfood. Ripe berries can be used fresh, dried, frozen and in teas. Goji has an appealing spicy, nutty flavor. Berries are bright red-orange when ripe. Harvest summer through fall. Shrubby plant to 8-12 ft. or prune to desired manageable size. Hardy to sub-zero and very drought tolerant once established. Requires neutral to slightly alkaline soil. Well adapted to container growing. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-11.
Black Velvet Gooseberry Produces heavy crops of delicious large and sweet deep purple berries. These berries resemble blueberries when allowed to fully ripen on the vine. Very mildew and disease resistant along with being very winter hardy. Best in zones 4 - 8. Self-fruitful.
Cabernet Sauvignon Grape Late season red wine grape with small, black, strongly flavored berry. Vigorous, upright vine. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Canadice Seedless Grape Early ripening red seedless grape derived from Himrod. Extremely winter hardy. First choice seedless grape for cold winter climates. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Spur prune.
Chardonnay Grape For white burgundy wines. Small round berry. Best quality where summers are cool. Vigorous vine, Very cold hardy. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Concord (Eastern) Grape Versatile, long-time favorite American grape. Blue-black berry with rich, distinctive flavor, used for table, juice, jelly and wine. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Concord Seedless Grape American grape, a sport of Concord. Berries very similar to Concord, but seedless (or seeds very rare). Bluish-black skin, green flesh, distinctive Concord flavor. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Crimson Seedless Grape Newer late season seedless grape, ripens early October in Fresno, CA. Medium size, firm, very sweet, excellent quality. Cane prune. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Flame Seedless Grape Medium-sized, light red. Crisp, sweet, excellent flavor. For fresh use or raisins. Needs hot summer. Ripens before Thompson. Vigorous. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Himrod Seedless Grape Hybrid of Thompson Seedless and American grape. Highest quality pale green berries. Vine more winter hardy than Interlaken. Early harvest. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Interlaken Seedless Grape Hybrid of Thompson Seedless & American. More cold hardy than Thompson. Less heat to ripen. Pale green berry is sweet, crisp. Early harvest. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Merlot Grape Black berry, used for distinctive red wines. Best quality in cooler regions. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Princess Seedless Grape Exceptional, seedless, greenish-white table grape with a mild Muscat flavor. Released in 1999 by USDA Ag Research Station in Fresno. Considered by many to be an “Improved Thompson Seedless”. Ripens late July- midAugust in Central Calif. Large, firm fruit in large, semi-compact clusters. 100 hours. Self- fruitful. Cane prune.
Thompson Seedless Grape Most popular grape in CA, AZ. Fresh and raisins. Pale green, very sweet. Thin the clusters for larger berries. Needs plenty of heat. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Cascade Hops (Humulus lupulus) By far, the most popular hop with craft beer makers in the U.S. Known for its high floral and citrus tones, Cascade provides a spicy aromatic character for beers such as American Pale Ales. USDA zones 3-9.
All-in-One Genetic Semi-Dwarf Almond No. 1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required to ripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter and frost hardy. 300-400 hrs. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Okame Flowering Cherry Profuse, pink bloom is early, long-lasting. Moderately upright growth habit. Dark green foliage changes to yellow-orange-red in fall. Hardy to Zone 5.
Hopa Flowering Crabapple Fragrant, single flowers, red with white center. Very dark green leaves - new growth reddish-purple. Red-orange fruit. Fast growing to 20 ft. high by 25 ft. wide. Lower chilling requirement than other crabapples.
Peppermint Flowering Peach Prunus persica 'Peppermint' Naturally-occurring, artistic assortment of red, white, pink and variegated double flowers. Very showy and unusual. Fast growth to 20 ft. high by 20 ft. wide.
Krauter Vesuvius Flowering Plum, low head Dark purple leaves, light pink blossoms, little or no fruit. Relatively small tree, 18 ft. high by 12 ft. wide. Favorite purple leaf plum for California. Foliage of newly planted trees sometimes greenish until vigorous growth begins. Low head form: 18" trunk.
Autumn Purple® Ash Fraxinus americana 'Junginger' Seedless variety of white ash, holds mahogany-red leaves late in the fall. Zone 4.
Western Catalpa Catalpa speciosa Widely adapted - cold or hot climates. All soils. Large, heart-shaped leaves, long seed capsules shaped like beans. White flowers in late spring and summer. Flowers & pods litter beneath tree. 40-60 ft. high.
Autumn Blaze® Maple Acer x freemanii 'Jeffersred' (Acer × freemanii ‘Jeffersred’) Hybrid of silver maple and red maple. Has character and fall color similar to red maple with adaptability comparable to silver maple. Dense oval shaped canopy. Bright red to orange fall color. Drought tolerant. USDA zones 5-9.
Autumn Fantasy® Maple Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Fantasy' Acer × freemanii ‘DTR 102’) Hybrid of red maple and silver maple. Bright red fall color, even in warm climates. Fast-growing, strong-limbed, tolerates alkaline soil, drought. USDA zones 5-9.
October Glory® Maple Acer rubrum 'PNI 0268' (Acer rubrum ‘PNI 0268’) Nearly round canopy, glossy green foliage. Better suited to mild winter/hot summer climates than other red maples. Showy red fall color. Ample soil moisture required. Reaches 40 by 35 ft. Zones 5-10.
Red Sunset® Maple Acer rubrum 'Franksred' (Acer rubrum ‘HOSR’) Upright growth to 40 ft., oval-shaped canopy. Glossy, dark green leaves. Bright red or orange-red fall color. Ample soil moisture required. USDA Zones 4-9.
Silver Maple Acer saccharinum 40-100 ft.tall, equal spread. Attractive, open form. Red, orange and yellow fall colors in cold climates. Main limbs are strongest if wide-angled. Not tolerant of alkaline soil, drought. Sunset Zones 1-9, 14-24.