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RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
Miller Farms Nursery
1828 Central Avenue
McKinleyville, California 95519
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2023:
Arkansas Black Spur Apple Large, late season. Dark red skin, high quality even where summer nights are warm. For dessert and cooking. Keeps many months. Chilling requirement 500-600 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Partly self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Ashmead's Kernel Apple Widely regarded as one of the all-time best-flavored apples. Small to medium-sized fruit. Greenish to golden brown russet skin with reddish highlights. Creamy yellow flesh is aromatic, crisp and sweet. Fruit picked early is somewhat sharp and acidic, but mellows after a few weeks off the tree. Ripens after Red Delicious, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps 3-4 months. Used for dessert, cider and sauce. Resistant to powdery mildew, somewhat resistant to apple scab. Winter hardy tree, begins bearing at young age. From England, discovered in the early 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
Belle de Boskoop Apple Highly esteemed cooking and pie apple. Heavy crops of large to very large fruits. Green and red skin in patches and stripes with a brown russet extending from the base. Coarse, crisp, juicy, creamy white flesh is richly flavored, sweet-tart and highly aromatic. Keeps well, improves in storage. Very late harvest, with Yellow Newton Pippin and Granny Smith. Large tree, open shape with drooping branches. Originated in Holland in 1856. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-7.
Calville Blanc Apple Classic French dessert apple, also excellent for cooking and cider. (Long-time apple tester Warren Manhart of Portland, Oregon regards Calville as 'the best pie and sauce apple he has grown'). Flattened, round shape with prominent, uneven ribs near the base. Usually harvested green, turning yellow and reaching peak flavor a month or so after picking. Best quality reached after the first few crops. Harvest in late midseason, just after Jonagold. Vigorous grower with weeping side limbs. Origin unknown, planted in France in the early 1600s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 5-7.
Cox Orange Pippin Apple Old favorite dessert apple: firm, juicy, sweet, rich flavor, not tart, distinctive aroma. Skin is orange red to bright red over yellow. Prefers moderate climate. Midseason. 800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
Empire Apple Sweet and juicy with sprightly flavor, a cross of McIntosh and Red Delicious. McIntosh-type apple for hot summer climates. Heavy bearing tree. Early fall harvest. Good pollenizer for Mutsu, Gravenstein, Winesap, Jonagold. 800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California’s favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10. A.k.a. Yellow Delicious.
Golden Russet Apple One of the great family orchard apples of 19th century America. Crisp, aromatic, sub acid, creamy yellow flesh with great flavor and legendary sugary juice. Used fresh and for cider, drying and cooking. Ripens about with Spitzenburg: late September/early October in Central CA. Ripe fruit hangs on the tree until frost, fruit stored properly keeps until April. Skin partly to almost completely russeted, varying from grayish-green or greenish-yellow to an attractive golden brown with orange highlights. Winter hardy, vigorous tree, bears mostly on the tips of branches. Medium size. Good disease resistance. Apparently originated in New York as a seedling of English Russet sometime in the 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination. USDA Zones 4-6.
Granny Smith Apple From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 400 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-9.
Jonagold Apple Superb flavor, a connoisseur's choice. A cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious. Yellow with red-orange blush. Crisp, juicy, subacid, all-purpose. 700-800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Pollenized by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith or Red Delicious, but not Golden Delicious.
Jonathan Apple Heavy annual bearer, high quality when well grown. Cooks well. Medium to dark red. Crisp, juicy, moderately tart, flavorful. August harvest in Central CA. 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
King (Tompkins King) Apple Large, old-time red-striped apple with classic apple flavor. Its coarse, crisp flesh is subacid, sweet and distinctly perfumed. Used for dessert, cooking and cider. Well-colored fruits are a very attractive red with some contrasting yellow. Fairly rectangular shape, with ribs near the base. Ripens midseason, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps several months, but at its best soon after harvest. Horizontal limbs, spreading growth habit. Originated in New Jersey prior to 1804. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours; proven very productive in trial with much less. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 5-10.
Liberty Apple Disease resistant, cold hardy apple. Resists scab, rust, mildew, fire blight. Solid red even in hot climate. Crisp, rich sprightly flavor. Fresh or cooked. Early fall harvest. Interfruitful with Red Delicious, Empire, McIntosh. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
McIntosh Apple Round, bright to dark red over green, superb quality in cool climates. Crisp, aromatic, subacid & sweet. Dessert/cooking. Early harvest. 900 hours. Partly self-fruitful, or pollenized by Red Delicious, Gala, or other. USDA Zones 4-7.
Multi-Bud Apple, Espaliered 3-tier, Braeb-Fuji-Gala-Gldn Del-Grav-Red Del 6n1 Six apple varieties on one 3-tier espaliered tree: Braeburn, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Gravenstein and Red Delicious.
Multi-Bud Apple, Espaliered 3-tier, Northwest Varieties 6n1 Six northwest apple varieties selected for home growing.
Multi-Bud Apple, Fuji-Gala-Golden Delicious-Granny Smith Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious and Granny Smith budded onto M-111 rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Mutsu Apple A favorite of connoisseurs: very large, crisp and flavorful. Late September/October harvest. Pick when green or wait until partly yellow. Large, vigorous tree resists powdery mildew. 500 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Pollenizer required: Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala. USDA Zones 4-8. A.k.a. Crispin.
Pink Lady® Apple Hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful in many western U.S. climates; pollenizer recommended for best production. 300-400 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Pink Pearl Apple Unusual pink fleshed, highly aromatic fruit. Medium-sized, cream and pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Tart to sweet-tart, depending on time of picking. Early fall harvest. Good keeper. Makes colorful, tasty applesauce. Early, profuse, pink blossoms in spring. 600 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-8.
Red Fuji Apple Redder skinned bud sport of Fuji. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Ripe September-October in Central CA. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Red Gravenstein Apple Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful & tart. Green with red stripes. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties. USDA Zones 2-9.
Sierra Beauty Apple A favorite late apple in Northern California. Yellow with red blush, rich sprightly flavor, moderately sweet. Excellent fresh or cooked. Good keeper. 700-800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Sundowner® Apple A sister plant to the popular Pink Lady® selection, Sundowner® has a sweet, crispy, white flesh and excellent flavor. Considered a late harvest variety ripening from October well into winter in most areas. Does well under extreme fruit growing conditions such as southern fruit growing districts and deserts with little or no damage to the fruit. Chill requirement of 200 to 300 hours with high chill adaptability. Self-fruitful.
Waltana Apple Known by old timers arround Ettersberg, CA as The Etter Apple. This apple is sometimes green on younger trees but is normally red with a yellow/green background. Originally a seedling of Wagner it is known for its versatility (cider, canning, dessert and fresh eating) and its excellent storage properties.
Winesap (Double Red Stayman Winesap) Apple Long time favorite late red apple. Juicy, smooth texture. Lively flavor, used fresh or cooked. 800 hours. Pollenized by Red or Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala, Liberty. USDA Zones 5-8.
Blenheim (Royal) Apricot All-purpose freestone. Sweet, aromatic, flavorful - the long-time No. 1 apricot in California. Early bloom. Late June harvest in Central CA. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Harglow Apricot Late-blooming, productive tree, proven in coastal Northwestern climates. Medium size, bright orange fruit sometimes blushed red. Orange freestone flesh is firm, sweet, flavorful. Resistant to perennial canker and brown rot, resists cracking. Originated in Ontario, Canada. Introduced in 1982. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Pixie-Cot Genetic Semi-dwarf Apricot Compact tree with medium-sized, fine quality fruit. First genetically dwarfed apricot to meet the flavor standards set by Dave Wilson Nursery for release to the home gardener. Ripens first week of June in CA’s Central Valley. 500 hours. (Zaiger)
Puget Gold Apricot Proven producer of large, flavorful fruit in Western Washington. Recommended for other western climates where spring rains and frosts limit apricot culture. Harvest early August. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Tomcot Apricot A consistently productive apricot variety. Large, orange fruit with firm, sweet flesh. Slightly tart, old-time apricot flavor. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Wenatchee Moorpark. Originated at Prosser, WA, introduced in 1989. 500 hours or less. Partly self-fruitful, largest crops if pollenized by another apricot. USDA Zones 4-9.
Flavor Delight Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Apricot-plum hybrid. Resembles an apricot but with a distinctive flavor and texture all its own. High taste-test scores, one of the most flavorful early season fruits. Early June. Very low chilling requirement, less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful, but largest crops when pollenized by another apricot. (Zaiger)
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Hosui Asian Pear Consistently rated the best-tasting Asian pear at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large, juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Brownish-orange russeted skin. Harvest early to mid-August in Central CA. 300-400 hours. Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or 20th Century.
Shinko Asian Pear Late ripening - September in Central CA - and excellent quality. Juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Golden brown russeted skin. Shows fire blight resistance. 450 hours. Pollenized by Hosui, Chojuro, Kikusui, Bartlett
Shinseiki Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Easy to grow. Keeps well. Harvest late July/early August in Central CA. Bright yellow skin. Vigorous, heavy bearing (usually by 2nd year). 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Yoinashi Asian Pear Large, light brown to golden brown russet skin. Fine-textured, crisp, crunchy, juicy, sweet and flavorful. Harvest late August in Central CA, after 20th Century. 300-400 hours. Pollenizer required.
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Craig's Crimson Cherry Taste test winner. Natural semi-dwarf sweet cherry. Dark red to nearly black, medium to large size, wonderful spicy flavor, very firm texture. Mature tree size about 2/3 of standard (smaller when budded onto Colt or Mahaleb rootstock). Harvest midseason. 500-600 hours. Partly self-fruitful, but pollenizer recommended: a midseason or later bloomer such as Bing, Black Tartarian, Rainier, Stella, Utah Giant, Van. USDA Zones 4-9. (Zaiger)
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as ‘Self-fertile Bing.’ Ripens 4 days after Bing. 500 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Montmorency Sour Cherry Large, light red skin, yellow flesh. Perfect for cobblers, pies, etc. Extremely winter hardy. Very heavy bearing. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Multi-Bud Cherry, Rainier-Bing-Lapins-Van Rainier, Bing, Lapins and Van budded onto Mazzard rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Rainier Cherry Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful. Very cold hardy. Midseason harvest. 700 hours. Pollenized by Van, Lambert, Lapins, Black Tartarian & Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.
Royal Crimson Cherry The long-awaited low-chill self-fruitful sweet cherry from Zaiger Genetics, Royal Crimson is a consistent producer of large, tasty, crimson-red fruit. Harvest is early to mid May. This important new variety is also an excellent pollenizer for Minnie Royal and Royal Lee. Estimated chill requirement 200-300 hours. Patent applied for. (Zaiger)
Royal Rainier Cherry Large yellow cherry with slightly more red blush than Rainier. Excellent flavor, taste test winner. Ripens early, about 3-5 days ahead of Rainier. Chill requirement 500 hours. Pollenized by Bing, Black Tartarian and Lapins. USDA Zones 5-9. (Zaiger)
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Multi-Bud Cherry-Plum, Sprite-Delight Sprite and Delight budded onto Citation rootstock.
Green Gage (Bavay's) European Plum Superior selection of gage-type European plum. Small to medium-sized, richly flavored & very sweet. Excellent fresh and for cooking. More productive in moderate winter climates than common Green Gage. Originated in Belgium in 19th century. Estimated winter chilling requirement 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Black Mission Fig The industry standard. Purplish-black skin, strawberry-colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Desert King Fig (A.k.a. “King”) Light green ‘white’ skin, strawberry colored pulp. Rich flavor, excellent fresh eating quality. Large breba (spring) crop. Later crop is light in hot climates, heavier in coastal climates. Prune only lightly, occasionally. (Heavy winter pruning removes breba crop.) 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Osborne Prolific Fig Large fruit with very attractive purplish-brown skin, amber pulp. Especially pleasing flavor. Long time favorite in cool coastal areas, excellent inland as well. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Peter's Honey Fig Beautiful, shiny, greenish-yellow fruit when ripe. Very sweet, dark, amber flesh. High quality. Superb for fresh eating. Warm location with a southern exposure is required for ripening fruit in maritime Northwest. Originated in Sicily. Good cold tolerance. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-10.
White Genoa Fig Old variety, a favorite in cool coastal areas - also excellent inland. Greenish-yellow skin, amber flesh, distinctive flavor. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Black Beauty Mulberry (Morus nigra sp.) Large, shiny fruit similar to Persian. Can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Attractive to birds. Self-fruitful. 200 hours or less. USDA Zones 4-10.
Pakistan Fruiting Mulberry Morus alba 'Pakistan' Long (3 inches), firm, red to black, sweet fruit. Non-staining juice. Month-long early summer harvest. Fruit used fresh and for pies, jams and jellies. Large, vigorous, disease-resistant tree.
Tea's Weeping Mulberry Morus alba 'Pendula' (Morus alba ‘pendula’) Fast growing, heat-loving tree with blackberry-like fruit. Mature tree size 20 by 20 ft. Low chilling requirement. USDA Zones 4-9.
Spice Zee NectaPlum™ Interspecific Nectarine The first NectaPlum® from Zaiger Hybrids. White-fleshed, nectarine x plum. Skin is dark maroon at fruit set, and turns pale pink when ripe. Fully ripe fruit is unparalleled in flavor, and both nectarine and plum traits are easily detectable. The tree is quite ornamental: tremendous purplish pink bloom in the spring followed by a flourish of red leaves which mature into lush green in late summer. Self-fruitful. Very productive. 200-300 hours. High chill adaptable. (Pat. No. 13503) (Zaiger)
Arctic Blaze White Nectarine Taste test winner. One of the best of the low acid white nectarines: rich flavor and firm texture in early season, very sweet when soft ripe. Large size, red and creamy white skin. Harvest mid to late-August in Central CA, after Arctic Queen white nectarine. Estimated chilling requirement 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 10174) (Zaiger)
Arctic Glo White Nectarine Exciting, sprightly-sweet, early season white-fleshed nectarine. High scoring in taste tests: nice balance of sugar and acid, very appealing flavor. Highly recommended for home orchards. Late June/ early July in Central CA. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Arctic Jay White Nectarine Taste test winner. Very attractive, firm, freestone fruit is richly flavored, with a balance of acid and sugar. Ripens between Arctic Glo and Heavenly White white nectarines. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Arctic Rose White Nectarine Delicious, super-sweet, white nectarine. Very high scoring in taste tests. Rich flavor and nice crunchy texture when firm ripe, extremely sweet when fully ripe. Harvest mid to late July in Central CA. Highly recommended for home orchards. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Liz's Late Nectarine Sprightly sweet, intense, spicy flavor - the state of the art in fruit breeding. Late August/early September in Central CA. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Arctic Babe Miniature Interspecific Nectarine From world famous Floyd Zaiger, a genetic dwarf white nectarine, the first of its kind. Reliable, self-fruitful. Ripe late May to early June in Central CA. 700 hours or less. (Zaiger)
August Pride Peach Large, all-purpose yellow freestone for mild-winter climates. Sweet, aromatic, rich flavor, one of the very best. Ripens 3-4 weeks after Mid-Pride. Chilling requirement less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Elegant Lady Peach Well-known fresh market peach. Large, firm, yellow freestone (bright red at pit). Red over yellow skin. High fruit tasting scores: excellent flavor, balanced sugar and acid. Harvest late July in Central CA. Introduced about 1979. Chilling requirement 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Frost Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl (10-year trials at Washington State Univ.). Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish-yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. Showy pink bloom in spring. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Garden Gold Miniature Peach Delicious yellow freestone, ripe 2 weeks after Elberta, more vigorous than other miniatures. Later bloom, less susceptible to frost damage. Showy blossoms. 5-6 ft. tree. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Gleason Early (Lemon) Elberta Peach Also called Improved Elberta or Lemon Elberta. Reliable, frost hardy yellow freestone for Utah and Pacific NW. Juicy, rich flavor. Harvest 10 days before Elberta. Can/freeze/fresh. 800 hours. Self fruitful.
Halehaven Peach From a cross of J.H. Hale and South Haven. Medium to large size, skin red over orange yellow. Yellow freestone flesh is juicy, sweet, low in acid, with excellent flavor. Midseason harvest, about two weeks before Elberta. Dessert/can/freeze. Winter and frost hardy. 900 hours. Self-fruitful.
Honey Babe Miniature Peach Sweet, yellow freestone, rich peach flavor. Heavy bearing 5 ft. tree. Early to mid-July in Central California. Excellent choice for home orchard. 400 hours or less. Partly self-fruitful, sometimes shy-bearing without a pollenizer. (Zaiger)
Indian Free White Peach Taste test winner, one of the all-time highest rated fruits at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large freestone, firm crimson and cream colored flesh. Tart until fully ripe, then highly aromatic with a rich, distinctive flavor. Highly resistant to peach leaf curl. Late season. 700 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed as pollenizer.
Multi-Bud Peach Curl-Resistant, Frost-Q18-Indian Free-Muir Frost™, Q-1-8, Indian Free and Muir budded onto Lovell rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
O'Henry Peach Popular fresh market yellow freestone and an excellent choice for home planting. Large, firm, full red skin, superb flavor. Ripens early to mid-August in Central CA. Good for freezing. Strong, vigorous, heavy bearing tree. 750 hours. Self-fruitful.
Polly White Peach One of the most winter hardy peach varieties. Developed in Iowa, hardy to -20 deg F. Reliable crops of tasty, sweet, medium-sized, white-fleshed fruit. Crimson-blushed white skin. 1,000 hours. Self-fruitful.
Redhaven Peach Long one of the world’s most widely planted peaches. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens early July in Central CA. Frost hardy, excellent producer. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Redskin Elberta Peach Cross of Redhaven and Elberta. Excellent quality all-purpose yellow freestone. Frost hardy. Ripens August 1st in Central CA. Also called Redskin. 850 hours. Self-fruitful.
Sauzee Swirl White Peach Medium size, saucer style peach with white flesh swirled red. Skin is tinted pink to dark red. Fruit is quite ornamental hanging in the tree. Harvest mid to late May. 400 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Strawberry Free White Peach Long-time favorite white freestone peach for CA. Very sweet, aromatic, juicy, with superb, delicate flavor. Early to mid-July in Central CA. Highly recommended for home orchards. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful
Suncrest Peach Large, very firm, fine-flavored, yellow freestone. Bright red skin over yellow. Suncrest is the peach immortalized by the book “Epitaph for a Peach: Four Seasons on My Family Farm”, by David Mas Masumoto (1995). Harvest late July in Central CA. Frost hardy blossoms, consistent producer. Originated in Fresno, CA. Introduced in 1959. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
Bosc Pear Long and narrow shape, brown skin. Superb quality, one of the best. Harvest late October. Use fresh or cooked. Susceptible to fire blight in warm, moist climates. 500-600 hours. Pollenized by Bartlett or other pear.
D'Anjou Pear Large, short necked, firm, good quality, keeps well. Harvest September 1st, one month after Bartlett in Central CA. 800 hours. Pollenized by Bartlett.
Multi-Bud Pear Asian, Hosui-Shinseiki-20thCent-Chojuro Hosui, Shinseiki, 20th Century and Chojuro budded onto OHxF333 rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Multi-Bud Pear Espaliered, Com-Bart-Bosc-DAnj-RD-FB 6n1 6n1 espalier: Comice, Bartlett, Bosc, D'Anjou, Red D'Anjou and Flemish Beauty.
Red D'Anjou Pear Large, short necked, firm. Stores well, excellent quality and smooth texture. Ripens with D'Anjou around September 1st. Strong full red color is very even, unlike Red Bartlett which has a blushed color. 800 hours pollenized by Bartlett.
Warren Pear Excellent quality dessert pear, tree is highly resistant to fire blight. Medium to large, long-necked fruit with pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Smooth flesh (no grit cells) is juicy and buttery with superb flavor. Good keeper. Cold hardy to -20 deg F. From Mississippi. 600 hours. Self-fruitful
Chocolate Persimmon Small to medium size, oblong, bright red skin. Sweet, spicy, firm, brown flesh, superb flavor - the choice of connoisseurs. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Coffeecake Persimmon Unique spicy sweet flavor that instantly evokes images of cinnamon pastry, hot coffee and morning sunshine. Coffeecake ripens about the same time as Chocolate and about three weeks to one month earlier than Fuyu. Coffeecake Persimmon is non-astringent and can be eaten while still firm. Hardy, attractive tree, practically free of pests and disease. Estimated chilling requirement: 200 hours or less. Another persimmon variety required as a pollenizer. Gosho or Chocolate are the best pollenizers for Coffeecake.
Fuyu (Jiro) Persimmon (“Apple Persimmon”) Medium size, flat shape, still crunchy when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practically pest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Giant Fuyu Persimmon Larger, not as flat as Fuyu. Crunchy when ripe like Fuyu. Sweet, flavorful, non astringent. Easy to grow, cool or hot climates. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Hachiya Persimmon Large, deep orange-red, acorn-shaped. Hot summer required to mature the fruit. Sweet, flavorful, astringent until soft ripe. Mature fruit can be frozen and thawed to ripen. Productive, ornamental tree. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Beauty Plum Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in cool, rainy climates). Red over yellow skin, amber flesh streaked red. Ripens June in Central CA, a week or more before Santa Rosa. 250 hours. Self-fruitful.
Burgundy Plum Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. High taste test scores. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Very productive tree with narrow, upright habit. 300 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Elephant Heart Plum Home orchard favorite: large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, juicy, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Dark reddish-purple mottled skin. Long harvest season - September in Central CA. Hardy, heavy bearing tree. 500 hours or less. Pollenize with Beauty or Santa Rosa.
Hollywood Plum Fruiting ornamental. Introduced commercially in 1936. Very delicious fruit is medium-sized and round, with blood-red flesh and skin. Ripens in late June and hangs well on the tree. Good for jelly and canning. Red-leafed tree has upright growth habit. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Late Santa Rosa Plum Medium to large, reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. Tart-sweet with rich flavor when fully ripe. Harvest about one month after Santa Rosa. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Mariposa Plum Large, red fleshed, sweet, juicy, firm, delicious. Small pit, nearly freestone. Mottled maroon over green skin. Use fresh or cooked. Harvest August. 250 hours. Pollenized by Catalina, Nubiana, or Santa Rosa.
Methley Plum Juicy, sweet, red flesh, mild flavor. Reddish purple skin. Harvest in June in Central CA. Attractive tree is heavy bearing and vigorous. Extremely cold hardy. 250 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Santa Rosa Plum Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Reddish purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Satsuma Plum Long-time favorite plum in California. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Sweet, mild, not tart. Excellent for jam. Harvest late July. 300 hours. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty.
Shiro Plum Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing mild flavor. Bears reliably in many climates, including Western Oregon and California's northern coast. Late June/early July in Central CA. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful.
Weeping Santa Rosa Semi-Dwarf Plum One of the most flavorful, aromatic Japanese plums when fully ripe. Beautiful 8-10 ft. tree, weeping growth habit: long slender limbs bow gracefully to the ground. Easily espaliered. 200-400 hours. Self-fruitful.
Flavor Grenade Pluot® Interspecific Plum Elongated green fruit with red blush. Crisp texture, explosive flavor. Taste test winner. Hangs on the tree for 4-6 weeks. Pollenized by Flavor King Pluot®, Dapple Dandy Pluot®, Emerald Drop Pluot® or Santa Rosa plum. 300-400 hours. (Pat. No. 12097) (Zaiger)
Flavor Supreme Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Plum/apricot hybrid with sweet, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Greenish-maroon mottled skin. June harvest in Central CA, about two weeks before Santa Rosa. 700-800 hours. Pollenized by Santa Rosa and Late Santa Rosa plums, or Flavorosa, Flavor Queen and Geo Pride Pluot®. (Zaiger)
Multi-Bud Pluot® I.S. Plum, Fl King-Fl Queen-Fl Supr-DapDan Flavor King, Flavor Queen, Flavor Supreme and Dapple Dandy budded onto Citation rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Eve Pomegranate Large size fruit, bright red exterior color, deep red arils. Flavor very good, described as cherry slurpy-like. Developed by University of California. Ripe October-November. Chill requirement 150 hours, self fruitful.
Parfianka Pomegranate Large size red fruit is sweet with a hint of acidity. Arils are red with very small edible seeds. Vigorous upright plant dependably sets a heavy crop. Maintain at any height with summer pruning. Consistently receives the highest praise for overall flavor. Great for juice or fresh eating. A Dr. Gregory Levin introduction through U.C. Davis. Very highly rated in U.C.Davis taste tests. Some rate Parfianka as the best tasting pomegranate. Required chill hours 100-200. Self-fruitful, best in zones 7-10.
French Improved Prune California's commercial prune. Reddish purple skin,dark amber flesh. Very sweet, high quality fruit dessert/can/dry. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Italian Prune Large, purple skin, freestone. Rich flavor, very sweet when fully ripe. Fresh/dried/canned. Vigorous, cold hardy tree. Late bloom. Late summer harvest. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Cooke's Jumbo Quince Extremely large fruit: twice the size of other quince varieties. Pear-shaped, with yellowish-green skin and white flesh. Good for cooking, pies, candy, jelly. Discovered at Dinuba, CA. Self-fertile. Mature height 12-15 ft. 100 hours. Cold hardy to zone 5.
Baby Cakes® Blackberry A dwarf, bush blackberry perfect for the patio pot. This thornless variety produces large, sweet berries in the summer often with a second crop in most regions. U.S. plant patent # 27,032. Self-fruitful. Zones 4-9. Est. chill requirement 400 hours.
Boysenberry Thornless Rubus ursinus var. loganobaccus, a hybrid of blackberry, raspberry, dewberry and loganberry. Very large berry up to 2.5", dark maroon in color with an intense, tangy, sweet flavor. Excellent quality with few seeds and a pleasant aroma. Vine-like trailing growth habit. Harvest through summer. Self-fruitful, best in zones 5-10.
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Raspberry Shortcake® This dwarf, thornless bush raspberry thrives in a patio pot or in the landscape. It produces an abundant crop of sweet raspberries in midsummer. Self-fruitful. Zones 4-9. Est. chill requirement 500 hours or less. U.S. plant patent no. 22141.
Goji Berry Lycium barbarum (aka Wolfberry) Highly acclaimed for high nutrient and antioxidant value. Recently termed a superfood. Ripe berries can be used fresh, dried, frozen and in teas. Goji has an appealing spicy, nutty flavor. Berries are bright red-orange when ripe. Harvest summer through fall. Shrubby plant to 8-12 ft. or prune to desired manageable size. Hardy to sub-zero and very drought tolerant once established. Requires neutral to slightly alkaline soil. Well adapted to container growing. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-11.
Black Monukka Seedless Grape Large, purplish-black, sweet, crisp. Does not require as much summer heat as Thompson. Use fresh or for raisins. Early midseason. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Flame Seedless Grape Medium-sized, light red. Crisp, sweet, excellent flavor. For fresh use or raisins. Needs hot summer. Ripens before Thompson. Vigorous. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Suffolk Red Seedless Grape Russian seedless x American. Hardier than European grapes, less heat to ripen. Largest berries of the hybrids. Early, excellent quality. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune
Jenny Self Fertile Kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa. The first self-fertile fuzzy kiwi! Large, pubescent, heart-shaped leaves. The vine grows to 15-20 ft. Egg-shaped fruit with fuzzy brown skin and green flesh. Harvest late summer/early fall.
Tomuri Male Kiwi Actinidia chinensis, aka A. deliciosa. Pollenizer for Vincent female. Does not bear fruit. One male can pollenize up to eight Vincent females.
Vincent Female Kiwi Actinidia chinesis, aka A. deliciousa. Low chilling requirement, adapted to Southern CA. Tasty, well-regarded fuzzy-skinned fruit. Pollenized by Tomuri Male.
Dwarf Everbearing Mulberry Morus sp. 'Dwarf Everbearing' (Morus nigra) This bush form of mulberry continuously produces sweet blackberry-like fruit throughout the spring and early summer. A great choice for container growing, minor pruning will keep the plant compact. Mature height 10-20ft. if grown in the ground. Widely adapted, self-fruitful.
All-in-One Genetic Semi-Dwarf Almond No. 1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required to ripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter and frost hardy. 300-400 hrs. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Colossal Chestnut Thought to be a hybrid of Asian and European chestnuts. High quality medium to large size nuts fall easily from hull, are easy to peel. Large, long-lived, spreading tree. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Nevada or Colossal seedling.
Nevada Chestnut Pollenizer for Colossal - also a good producer. One Nevada can pollenize 8 to 10 Colossal trees. Not tolerant of alkaline soil. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Colossal.
Chandler Walnut Developed by U.C. Davis. Heavy bearing (bears on lateral buds, not just terminals like Hartley). High quality light-colored nuts. Smaller tree than Hartley, good choice for backyard walnut. Fall harvest. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Pedro Walnut Very small tree, less than 2/3 the size of other varieties. Well-sealed nut, similar to Payne, has perhaps the finest-flavored kernel - winner of consumer taste tests. Widely adapted, excellent choice for home planting. 400 hours. Self fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Akebono Flowering Cherry Prunus yedoensis 'Akebono' Early, single, pale pink flowers. Graceful, open growth habit to 25 ft. Magnificent in bloom.
Mt. Fuji Flowering Cherry Prunus serrulata 'Mt. Fuji' Early, semi-double white, aging to purplish-pink. Horizontal habit, 20 ft. high.
Early Pink Flowering Peach Prunus persica 'Early Pink' Very early, bright pink blossoms. Used for Chinese New Year in Southern California. Fast growth to 20 by 20 ft. Prune after bloom and again in early summer for profuse bloom the following spring.
Pink Lady Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles x superba ‘Pink Lady’) Compact shrub with showy pink flowers. USDA zones 5-8.
Purple No. 1 Wisteria Early bloomer, usually flowers the first season. Long clusters of dark purple flowers.
October Glory® Maple Acer rubrum 'PNI 0268' (Acer rubrum ‘PNI 0268’) Nearly round canopy, glossy green foliage. Better suited to mild winter/hot summer climates than other red maples. Showy red fall color. Ample soil moisture required. Reaches 40 by 35 ft. Zones 5-10.
Corkscrew Willow Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa' Remarkable growth pattern of twisted, spiraling branches. Less dependent on high soil moisture than other willows - good choice for high desert. Grows to 30 by 20 ft. All zones.
Weeping Willow Salix babylonica Fast-growing, cold hardy, short dormant period. Long narrow leaves, pronounced weeping growth habit. Needs plenty of water. Stake high to develop usable area underneath. 30 by 30 ft. or larger.