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RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
21288 Washington Street
Middletown, California 95461
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2024:
Braeburn Apple Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. Discovered in New Zealand in 1952, grown in U.S. since 1980s. 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Empire Apple Sweet and juicy with sprightly flavor, a cross of McIntosh and Red Delicious. McIntosh-type apple for hot summer climates. Heavy bearing tree. Early fall harvest. Good pollenizer for Mutsu, Gravenstein, Winesap, Jonagold. 800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California’s favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10. A.k.a. Yellow Delicious.
Granny Smith Apple From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 400 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-9.
Multi-Bud Apple, Fuji-Gala-Golden Delicious-Granny Smith Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious and Granny Smith budded onto M-111 rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Pink Lady® Apple Hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful in many western U.S. climates; pollenizer recommended for best production. 300-400 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Red Gravenstein Apple Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful & tart. Green with red stripes. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties. USDA Zones 2-9.
Sierra Beauty Apple A favorite late apple in Northern California. Yellow with red blush, rich sprightly flavor, moderately sweet. Excellent fresh or cooked. Good keeper. 700-800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Sundowner® Apple A sister plant to the popular Pink Lady® selection, Sundowner® has a sweet, crispy, white flesh and excellent flavor. Considered a late harvest variety ripening from October well into winter in most areas. Does well under extreme fruit growing conditions such as southern fruit growing districts and deserts with little or no damage to the fruit. Chill requirement of 200 to 300 hours with high chill adaptability. Self-fruitful.
Yellow Newton Pippin Apple Yellow green, late, firm, crisp, slightly tart, superb flavor. For peak flavor and acid/sugar balance, wait to harvest until cheeks are blushed yellowish-green (late Oct./early Nov. in Central CA). Good keeper. Famous for cooking, excellent fresh or dried. Vigorous tree. 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Chinese Apricot Cold hardy, frost hardy, sets heavy crops of small to medium size sweet fruit. Recommended for difficult, spring frost-prone climates. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Harcot Apricot From Canada. Frost hardy late bloom. Resists brown rot and perennial canker. Medium to large fruit ripens early to mid-June in Central CA. Sweet, juicy, rich flavor - one of the best. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Moorpark Apricot Long-time favorite of apricot fanciers for its exceptionally rich flavor and aroma. Reliable producer. Used fresh and for canning. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Nugget Apricot Large, flavorful yellow freestone. Attractive orange skin blushed with red. Ripens mid-June in Central CA, 1-2 weeks earlier than Blenheim. Vigorous, productive tree. Originated in Ontario, CA. Introduced in 1956. Estimated chilling requirement 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful
Puget Gold Apricot Proven producer of large, flavorful fruit in Western Washington. Recommended for other western climates where spring rains and frosts limit apricot culture. Harvest early August. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Flavor Delight Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Apricot-plum hybrid. Resembles an apricot but with a distinctive flavor and texture all its own. High taste-test scores, one of the most flavorful early season fruits. Early June. Very low chilling requirement, less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful, but largest crops when pollenized by another apricot. (Zaiger)
Summer Delight Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Late-season Aprium®, ripe late July-early August. Reliable bearer, great apricot flavor, very juicy flesh. Self-fruitful, chilling requirement 500 hours or less. Zones 7-10. U.S. Plant patent pending (Zaiger)
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Hosui Asian Pear Consistently rated the best-tasting Asian pear at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large, juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Brownish-orange russeted skin. Harvest early to mid-August in Central CA. 300-400 hours. Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or 20th Century.
Shinseiki Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Easy to grow. Keeps well. Harvest late July/early August in Central CA. Bright yellow skin. Vigorous, heavy bearing (usually by 2nd year). 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Black Tartarian Cherry Medium-sized, nearly black, sprightly flavor, early season. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 5-7.
Craig's Crimson Cherry Taste test winner. Natural semi-dwarf sweet cherry. Dark red to nearly black, medium to large size, wonderful spicy flavor, very firm texture. Mature tree size about 2/3 of standard (smaller when budded onto Colt or Mahaleb rootstock). Harvest midseason. 500-600 hours. Partly self-fruitful, but pollenizer recommended: a midseason or later bloomer such as Bing, Black Tartarian, Rainier, Stella, Utah Giant, Van. USDA Zones 4-9. (Zaiger)
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as ‘Self-fertile Bing.’ Ripens 4 days after Bing. 500 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Multi-Bud Cherry, Black Tartarian-Bing-Lapins-Van Black Tartarian, Bing, Lapins and Van budded onto Maxma 14® (semi-dwarf) or Mazzard (standard) rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Rainier Cherry Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful. Very cold hardy. Midseason harvest. 700 hours. Pollenized by Van, Lambert, Lapins, Black Tartarian & Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.
Royal Rainier Cherry Large yellow cherry with slightly more red blush than Rainier. Excellent flavor, taste test winner. Ripens early, about 3-5 days ahead of Rainier. Chill requirement 500 hours. Pollenized by Bing, Black Tartarian and Lapins. USDA Zones 5-9. (Zaiger)
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Sweetheart™ Cherry Van x Newstar. Large, bright red fruit with good flavor. Precocious tree requires pruning to prevent size problems. Self-fruitful. Matures 5-7 days after Lapins. Developed in Summerland, British Columbia.
Utah Giant Cherry The industry favorite sweet cherry in Utah. Larger, firmer, more flavorful than Bing or Lambert. Good canner. Does not double. 800 hours. Pollenizer required: Bing, Lambert, Rainier, Van. USDA Zones 4-9.
Green Gage (Bavay's) European Plum Superior selection of gage-type European plum. Small to medium-sized, richly flavored & very sweet. Excellent fresh and for cooking. More productive in moderate winter climates than common Green Gage. Originated in Belgium in 19th century. Estimated winter chilling requirement 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Black Mission Fig The industry standard. Purplish-black skin, strawberry-colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Chicago Hardy Fig Late season mahogany to purple fruit are set on current season’s growth. One of the most frost hardy of all figs. Known to grow into zone 5. Little to no breba crop. Best quality late summer through fall. Required chill 100 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 5-10
Desert King Fig (A.k.a. “King”) Light green ‘white’ skin, strawberry colored pulp. Rich flavor, excellent fresh eating quality. Large breba (spring) crop. Later crop is light in hot climates, heavier in coastal climates. Prune only lightly, occasionally. (Heavy winter pruning removes breba crop.) 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Improved Brown Turkey Fig Large, brown skin, pink flesh. Sweet, rich flavor, used fresh. Widely adapted - coast or inland climate. Small tree, prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Violette de Bordeaux Fig Small to medium size purple-black fruit with a very deep red strawberry pulp and distinctive, sweet, rich flavor. Brebas are pear-shaped with a thick, tapering neck; main crop figs are variable, often without neck. Medium eye. Excellent fresh or dried. A naturally small (semi dwarf) tree. Frost hardy. Good for container culture or small spaces. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Multi-Bud Fruit Salad, GDust-Indep-JulElb-LSRosa-Blenheim Gold Dust Peach, Independence Nectarine, July Elberta Peach, Late Santa Rosa Plum and Blenheim Apricot budded onto Lovell rootstock. Finished trees include 5n1's plus assorted 4n1's and 3n1's.
Li Jujube “Chinese date.” The most popular jujube variety. Round shaped fruits are larger than Lang. Reddish brown, dry and wrinkled, sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early fall. Attractive, easy to grow tree: hardy, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Very low chilling requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Shanxi Li Jujube “Chinese date.” Largest of the popular jujube varieties (over 2 inches), round shape. Apple-like flavor, sweetens when dried. Self-fruitful and a good pollenizer for other varieties. 200 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Pakistan Fruiting Mulberry Morus alba 'Pakistan' Long (3 inches), firm, red to black, sweet fruit. Non-staining juice. Month-long early summer harvest. Fruit used fresh and for pies, jams and jellies. Large, vigorous, disease-resistant tree.
Tea's Weeping Mulberry Morus alba 'Pendula' (Morus alba ‘pendula’) Fast growing, heat-loving tree with blackberry-like fruit. Mature tree size 20 by 20 ft. Low chilling requirement. USDA Zones 4-9.
Spice Zee NectaPlum™ Interspecific Nectarine The first NectaPlum® from Zaiger Hybrids. White-fleshed, nectarine x plum. Skin is dark maroon at fruit set, and turns pale pink when ripe. Fully ripe fruit is unparalleled in flavor, and both nectarine and plum traits are easily detectable. The tree is quite ornamental: tremendous purplish pink bloom in the spring followed by a flourish of red leaves which mature into lush green in late summer. Self-fruitful. Very productive. 200-300 hours. High chill adaptable. (Pat. No. 13503) (Zaiger)
Arctic Rose White Nectarine Delicious, super-sweet, white nectarine. Very high scoring in taste tests. Rich flavor and nice crunchy texture when firm ripe, extremely sweet when fully ripe. Harvest mid to late July in Central CA. Highly recommended for home orchards. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Double Delight Nectarine Sensational fruit: consistently the best flavored yellow nectarine plus magnificent, double pink flowers. Dark red-skinned, freestone fruit is sweet, with unusually rich flavor - very high scoring in taste tests. Heavy-bearing tree. Harvest early to mid-July in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Fantasia Nectarine Popular, large, yellow freestone. Early harvest fruit is firm-ripe and tangy, later harvest is sweet with rich flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central CA. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Heavenly White - White Nectarine One of the highest-scoring fruits in Dave Wilson Nursery taste tests. Very large, firm, white-fleshed freestone. Superb acid/sugar balance and rich, complex flavor, a connoisseur's delight. Dull red and cream colored skin. Mid-July in Central CA. 650 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Independence Nectarine Bright red skin, firm yellow freestone. Rich flavor, tangy and sweet, one of the best. Consistently very high-scoring in taste tests. Winter and frost hardy, very reliable producer. Early July in Central CA. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Mericrest Nectarine Very cold hardy, frost hardy, late bloom. Crops after sub-zero winters. Large, red-skinned yellow freestone with rich tangy flavor. Very high scoring in taste tests, highly recommended. Mid-July in Central CA. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Necta Zee Miniature Nectarine Sweet, very flavorful yellow freestone, beautiful red skin. Mid-June to early July in central CA. Strong, vigorous tree to 6 ft. Best self-fruitful miniature nectarine. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Snow Queen White Nectarine Taste test winner. Sweet, juicy, early season white freestone. Late June harvest in Central CA, 2-3 weeks ahead of Babcock peach. Long-time favorite in So. Calif. Low chilling requirement, 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Arctic Babe Miniature Interspecific Nectarine From world famous Floyd Zaiger, a genetic dwarf white nectarine, the first of its kind. Reliable, self-fruitful. Ripe late May to early June in Central CA. 700 hours or less. (Zaiger)
Arctic Supreme White Peach Two-time taste test winner. Large, white flesh, nearly freestone when fully ripe. Red over cream colored skin. Sweet and tangy, fine delicate flavor, firm texture. Peak quality reached a short while after picking. Harvest late July/early August in Central CA. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Elberta Peach Famous yellow freestone. Classic, rich peach flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Use fresh, canned or cooked. Ripe late July/early August in Central CA, up to 3-4 weeks later in colder climates. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.
Eldorado Miniature Peach Well-known Jackson & Perkins variety. Exceptionally high quality, richly flavored fruit. Yellow freestone, attractive red blushed skin. Harvest early to mid-June. 4-5 ft. tree. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Fay Elberta Peach Popular yellow freestone: juicy, moderately sweet, flavorful. Fresh/can/freeze/dry. Ripens 1-2 days later than Elberta in Central CA. (August 1st), but blooms earlier. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Frost Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl (10-year trials at Washington State Univ.). Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish-yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. Showy pink bloom in spring. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Honey Babe Miniature Peach Sweet, yellow freestone, rich peach flavor. Heavy bearing 5 ft. tree. Early to mid-July in Central California. Excellent choice for home orchard. 400 hours or less. Partly self-fruitful, sometimes shy-bearing without a pollenizer. (Zaiger)
Indian Blood Cling Peach Large, late season canning peach. Red skin, red flesh, rich flavor. Blooms late, sets heavy crops. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Indian Free White Peach Taste test winner, one of the all-time highest rated fruits at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large freestone, firm crimson and cream colored flesh. Tart until fully ripe, then highly aromatic with a rich, distinctive flavor. Highly resistant to peach leaf curl. Late season. 700 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed as pollenizer.
Kaweah Peach A favored late summer peach at Dave Wilson Nursery for providing consistent high yields and large size fruit. Kaweah has a delicious true peach flavor with a good balance of sugar to acid and is an all-purpose fruit good for fresh eating, baking, canning, jams and jellies. Recent low-chill trials have shown Kaweah to be productive with less than 500 chill hours. (Pat. No. 10177) (Zaiger)
Nectar White Peach One of the finest white peaches. Medium to large fruit with dark pink blush over a beautiful cream to pale green background. White freestone flesh, tinged with red, is sweet with exceptional flavor and aroma. Harvest three weeks before Elberta. Originated in Bakersfield, CA, introduced in 1935. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
O'Henry Peach Popular fresh market yellow freestone and an excellent choice for home planting. Large, firm, full red skin, superb flavor. Ripens early to mid-August in Central CA. Good for freezing. Strong, vigorous, heavy bearing tree. 750 hours. Self-fruitful.
Octoberfest Peach Late-season, medium size clingstone peach with the color and flavor of a classic midseason freestone. Firm, yellow/red skin, yellow flesh streaked red from the center. Ripens late September to mid October in Central CA. Used fresh and for freezing. Heavy bearing tree. 750 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Polly White Peach One of the most winter hardy peach varieties. Developed in Iowa, hardy to -20 deg F. Reliable crops of tasty, sweet, medium-sized, white-fleshed fruit. Crimson-blushed white skin. 1,000 hours. Self-fruitful.
Q-1-8 White Peach Peach leaf curl resistant variety, tested at the WSU research station at Mt. Vernon, Washington. In the Dave Wilson Nursery orchards the white-fleshed, semi-freestone fruit is sweet and juicy like Babcock, with a more sprightly flavor. Harvest mid to late July in Central CA. Showy blossoms. 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Redhaven Peach Long one of the world’s most widely planted peaches. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens early July in Central CA. Frost hardy, excellent producer. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Snow Beauty White Peach Taste test winner: one of the all-time highest-scoring varieties in blind fruit tastings at Dave Wilson Nursery. Low acid, high sugar, tantalizing flavor. Large, very firm, attractive red skin. Harvest early to mid-July in Central CA. Estimated chilling requirement 750-850 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 10175) (Zaiger)
Strawberry Free White Peach Long-time favorite white freestone peach for CA. Very sweet, aromatic, juicy, with superb, delicate flavor. Early to mid-July in Central CA. Highly recommended for home orchards. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful
Suncrest Peach Large, very firm, fine-flavored, yellow freestone. Bright red skin over yellow. Suncrest is the peach immortalized by the book “Epitaph for a Peach: Four Seasons on My Family Farm”, by David Mas Masumoto (1995). Harvest late July in Central CA. Frost hardy blossoms, consistent producer. Originated in Fresno, CA. Introduced in 1959. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
D'Anjou Pear Large, short necked, firm, good quality, keeps well. Harvest September 1st, one month after Bartlett in Central CA. 800 hours. Pollenized by Bartlett.
Kieffer Pear Medium to large late season fruit for canning and cooking. Sprightly flavor, coarse texture. Resists fire blight, tolerates hot climates. Dependable crops. 200-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Multi-Bud Pear Asian, Hosui-Shinseiki-20thCent-Chojuro Hosui, Shinseiki, 20th Century and Chojuro budded onto OHxF333 rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Seckel Pear Connoisseurs' favorite. Sweet, flavorful, aromatic, spicy, perhaps the best dessert pear. Russeted brown skin. Resists fire blight. 500 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D’Anjou, or other pear, but not Bartlett.
Southern Bartlett Pear Chance sport of Bartlett found on an old Louisiana homestead. Moderate fire blight resistance. Spreading growth habit. Less than 400 hour chill requirement. Self-fruitful.
Warren Pear Excellent quality dessert pear, tree is highly resistant to fire blight. Medium to large, long-necked fruit with pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Smooth flesh (no grit cells) is juicy and buttery with superb flavor. Good keeper. Cold hardy to -20 deg F. From Mississippi. 600 hours. Self-fruitful
Chocolate Persimmon Small to medium size, oblong, bright red skin. Sweet, spicy, firm, brown flesh, superb flavor - the choice of connoisseurs. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Fuyu (Jiro) Persimmon (“Apple Persimmon”) Medium size, flat shape, still crunchy when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practically pest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Giant Fuyu Persimmon Larger, not as flat as Fuyu. Crunchy when ripe like Fuyu. Sweet, flavorful, non astringent. Easy to grow, cool or hot climates. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Hachiya Persimmon Large, deep orange-red, acorn-shaped. Hot summer required to mature the fruit. Sweet, flavorful, astringent until soft ripe. Mature fruit can be frozen and thawed to ripen. Productive, ornamental tree. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Izu Persimmon Very sweet, tasty, non-astringent fruit ripens about three weeks before Fuyu. Medium to large size, round shape. Relatively small tree, good choice for backyard persimmon. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Burgundy Plum Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. High taste test scores. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Very productive tree with narrow, upright habit. 300 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Elephant Heart Plum Home orchard favorite: large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, juicy, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Dark reddish-purple mottled skin. Long harvest season - September in Central CA. Hardy, heavy bearing tree. 500 hours or less. Pollenize with Beauty or Santa Rosa.
Emerald Beaut Plum One of the highest-rated plums in blind fruit tastings at DWN. Light green skin, greenish-yellow to orange freestone flesh. Harvest begins late August in Central CA. Ripe fruit continues to sweeten, becoming exceptionally sweet, but remaining crisp and crunchy. Ripe fruit holds on tree longer than any other stone fruit: two months or more! 600-700 hours. Pollenizer required: Beauty, Burgundy, Late Santa Rosa, Nubiana, Flavor King Pluot. (Pat. No. 9162) (Zaiger)
Late Santa Rosa Plum Medium to large, reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. Tart-sweet with rich flavor when fully ripe. Harvest about one month after Santa Rosa. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Methley Plum Juicy, sweet, red flesh, mild flavor. Reddish purple skin. Harvest in June in Central CA. Attractive tree is heavy bearing and vigorous. Extremely cold hardy. 250 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Nubiana Plum Purplish-black skin, amber flesh. Large, firm, flattened shape. Sweet, flavorful, very little tartness at skin or pit. Favorite fresh market fruit, excellent for home orchard. Late July. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful
Santa Rosa Plum Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Reddish purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Weeping Santa Rosa Semi-Dwarf Plum One of the most flavorful, aromatic Japanese plums when fully ripe. Beautiful 8-10 ft. tree, weeping growth habit: long slender limbs bow gracefully to the ground. Easily espaliered. 200-400 hours. Self-fruitful.
Dapple Dandy Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Ranks with Flavor King and Flavor Supreme Pluot® varieties as best-flavored fruit at Dave Wilson Nursery tastings. Creamy white and red fleshed freestone with wonderful plum-apricot flavor. Skin greenish-yellow with red spots, turning to a maroon and yellow dapple. August harvest in Central CA. 400-500 hours. USDA Zones 5-10. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot®, Flavor King Pluot®, Santa Rosa, Catalina or Burgundy Plum. (Zaiger)
Flavor Queen Pluot® Interspecific Plum Exquisite plum/apricot hybrid with candy-like sweet, wonderfully pleasing flavor. Greenish-yellow skin, amber-orange flesh. Prolonged harvest: mid-July thru August. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Dapple Dandy Pluot® or Flavor Supreme Pluot® or by a Japanese plum such as Burgundy. Not pollenized by Flavor King Pluot®. (Zaiger)
Flavor Supreme Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Plum/apricot hybrid with sweet, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Greenish-maroon mottled skin. June harvest in Central CA, about two weeks before Santa Rosa. 700-800 hours. Pollenized by Santa Rosa and Late Santa Rosa plums, or Flavorosa, Flavor Queen and Geo Pride Pluot®. (Zaiger)
Multi-Bud Pluot® I.S. Plum, Fl King-Fl Queen-Fl Supr-DapDan Flavor King, Flavor Queen, Flavor Supreme and Dapple Dandy budded onto Citation rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
A.C. Sweet Pomegranate Developed by Arthur C. Combe of Beaver Dam, Arizona. Exterior color is red to bright pink, arils are pink to light red. Flavor is sweet and refreshing, seeds are soft and edible. Ripe fruit can hang for weeks without splitting. Very hardy plant will take temperatures to below zero. One of Utah's favored varieties. Required chill hours 100-200. Self-fruitful, best in Zones 6-10.
Parfianka Pomegranate Large size red fruit is sweet with a hint of acidity. Arils are red with very small edible seeds. Vigorous upright plant dependably sets a heavy crop. Maintain at any height with summer pruning. Consistently receives the highest praise for overall flavor. Great for juice or fresh eating. A Dr. Gregory Levin introduction through U.C. Davis. Very highly rated in U.C.Davis taste tests. Some rate Parfianka as the best tasting pomegranate. Required chill hours 100-200. Self-fruitful, best in zones 7-10.
Wonderful Pomegranate Large, purple-red fruit with delicious, tangy flavor. Best quality in hot inland climate. Gaudy red orange bloom, ornamental foliage. Long-lived, any soil. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.
French Improved Prune California's commercial prune. Reddish purple skin,dark amber flesh. Very sweet, high quality fruit dessert/can/dry. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Italian Prune Large, purple skin, freestone. Rich flavor, very sweet when fully ripe. Fresh/dried/canned. Vigorous, cold hardy tree. Late bloom. Late summer harvest. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Stanley Prune Large, dark blue skin. Juicy, sweet, delicious, greenish-yellow meaty flesh, freestone. Late summer harvest. Late blooming, extremely cold hardy and reliable. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Smyrna Quince Extremely large fruit with light yellow flesh, bright yellow skin. Attractive tree (or multi-stemmed shrub) has dark green foliage & very showy bloom. Tolerates wet soil. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bluecrop Northern Highbush Blueberry No. 1 variety, the standard of excellence. Upright, vigorous, Northern Highbush. Very productive. Large, firm, great flavor. Fruit does not drop or crack. Tolerates hot summers if soil is moist, acidic, and high in humus. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Blueray Northern Highbush Blueberry Best Northern Highbush variety for hot climates. Large, firm fruit, excellent flavor. Upright, vigorous bush, very productive. Blueberry culture requires soil that is moist, acidic, and high in humus. 800 hours. Self-fruitful
Jewel Southern Highbush Blueberry One of California's leading commercial varieties due to its high adaptability. Exceptional growth and high yields. Midseason harvest of large to very large berries with tangy sweet flavor. Chill requirement estimated at 200 hours. Self-fruitful, zones 7-10. (U.S Plant Patent #11807)
Misty Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Early season. In the West Misty is quite vigorous, growing very well on the coast and in the inland heat. This especially flavorful fruit does well in areas with chilling as low as 150 hours and all areas with mild winters and hot summers.
O'Neal Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush (low chill, tolerates heat). Large fruit is especially sweet and flavorful. Early season. Soil must be acidic, high in humus. 5-6 ft. bush. 200 hours. Self-fruitful, but plant two varieties for largest crops.
Baba Red Raspberry Everbearing Red Raspberry - Extra large berries up to 1 1/2" long. Wonderful warm weather variety particularly well suited to Southern California’s coastal and inland valleys. Fine flavor and good for all uses. Bears heavy crop May-July with a smaller late summer crop through fall. Hardy to zero degrees. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 6-11.
Black Satin Blackberry Thornless - Large firm berries 1.5" to 2", glossy black color fading to dull when ripe. Highly productive, semi-trailing vine with minimal suckering. Midseason harvest. Self- fruitful, but more productive with a second variety. Best in zones 5-9.
Boysenberry Thornless Rubus ursinus var. loganobaccus, a hybrid of blackberry, raspberry, dewberry and loganberry. Very large berry up to 2.5", dark maroon in color with an intense, tangy, sweet flavor. Excellent quality with few seeds and a pleasant aroma. Vine-like trailing growth habit. Harvest through summer. Self-fruitful, best in zones 5-10.
Caroline Raspberry Summer through fall bearing, red berry with exceptional flavor. Primocane type, produces on new wood. Large yields. More tolerant to phytophthora root rot than Heritage. Best when given afternoon shade.
Chester Blackberry Thornless - Very large, sweet, high quality fruit. Flavorful even prior to peak ripeness. Semi-trailing growth habit, disease resistant. Well-known for winter hardiness. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 5-7; however, good production and flavor noted in zones 8–10.
Fall Gold Raspberry Everbearing - Hybrid of Taylor X wild Korean mountain berry X Fall Red. Large to very large golden berries of excellent flavor. Extremely sweet and soft textured. Very adaptable and winter hardy. Harvest June through fall. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Jewell Black Raspberry Produces compact clusters of large to very large fruit. Rich raspberry flavor. Very high quality, good for pies, preserves and fresh use. May-June harvest. Vigorous, hardy vines are the most disease resistant of all black raspberries. Upright habit, no support required. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Navaho Blackberry Upright, thornless. 1988 University of Arkansas introduction. Superb flavor in a small berry. Fruit is firm with significantly smaller seeds than other thornless varieties. Upright canes require no support. Popular with home gardeners and commercial producers alike. USDA Zone 6-10.
Olallieberry (“Olallieberry”) - Rubus argutus - Medium size berries are sweeter than tart with an old- fashioned wild blackberry flavor. Developed in Oregon but does extremely well in California. Harvest July through summer. Highly adaptable. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4- 11.
Raspberry Shortcake® This dwarf, thornless bush raspberry thrives in a patio pot or in the landscape. It produces an abundant crop of sweet raspberries in midsummer. Self-fruitful. Zones 4-9. Est. chill requirement 500 hours or less. U.S. plant patent no. 22141.
Triple Crown Blackberry Thornless - Named for its three crowning attributes: flavor, productivity and vigor. Large, firm and flavorful berries. Can produce up to 30 lbs. of fruit per vine. Great for fresh use and canning. Long, semi-trailing canes require support. Highly adaptable. Summer harvest. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 5-10.
Goji Berry Lycium barbarum (aka Wolfberry) Highly acclaimed for high nutrient and antioxidant value. Recently termed a superfood. Ripe berries can be used fresh, dried, frozen and in teas. Goji has an appealing spicy, nutty flavor. Berries are bright red-orange when ripe. Harvest summer through fall. Shrubby plant to 8-12 ft. or prune to desired manageable size. Hardy to sub-zero and very drought tolerant once established. Requires neutral to slightly alkaline soil. Well adapted to container growing. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-11.
Black Velvet Gooseberry Produces heavy crops of delicious large and sweet deep purple berries. These berries resemble blueberries when allowed to fully ripen on the vine. Very mildew and disease resistant along with being very winter hardy. Best in zones 4 - 8. Self-fruitful.
Black Monukka Seedless Grape Large, purplish-black, sweet, crisp. Does not require as much summer heat as Thompson. Use fresh or for raisins. Early midseason. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Canadice Seedless Grape Early ripening red seedless grape derived from Himrod. Extremely winter hardy. First choice seedless grape for cold winter climates. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Spur prune.
Chardonnay Grape For white burgundy wines. Small round berry. Best quality where summers are cool. Vigorous vine, Very cold hardy. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Concord (Eastern) Grape Versatile, long-time favorite American grape. Blue-black berry with rich, distinctive flavor, used for table, juice, jelly and wine. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Crimson Seedless Grape Newer late season seedless grape, ripens early October in Fresno, CA. Medium size, firm, very sweet, excellent quality. Cane prune. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Flame Seedless Grape Medium-sized, light red. Crisp, sweet, excellent flavor. For fresh use or raisins. Needs hot summer. Ripens before Thompson. Vigorous. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Golden Muscat Grape American/European hybrid. Large, eggshaped berries are pale golden yellow when ripe. Characteristic European muscat flavor and aroma. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Spur prune.
Lady Finger Grape Large, elongated, light green thick skin, seeded. Valued for distinctive appearance and excellent tart-sweet flavor. Late season (fall) harvest. 100 hours. Cane or spur prune.
Pinot Noir Grape Small black berries that yield the famous French Burgundy wines. Requires cool summers, cane pruning. Early harvest. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Princess Seedless Grape Exceptional, seedless, greenish-white table grape with a mild Muscat flavor. Released in 1999 by USDA Ag Research Station in Fresno. Considered by many to be an “Improved Thompson Seedless”. Ripens late July- midAugust in Central Calif. Large, firm fruit in large, semi-compact clusters. 100 hours. Self- fruitful. Cane prune.
Ruby Seedless Grape Dark red, sweet, crisp, excellent fresh or for raisins. Ripens after Thompson Seedless. Requires less summer heat than Thompson or Flame. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Thompson Seedless Grape Most popular grape in CA, AZ. Fresh and raisins. Pale green, very sweet. Thin the clusters for larger berries. Needs plenty of heat. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Issai Hardy Kiwifruit Actinidia arguta 'Issai' . Fuzzless fruit: no need to peel. Smaller than the standard kiwi, often sweeter. Very high in vitamin C. Much more winter hardy than Hayward. New growth tender to frost, but plant recovers quickly. Often sets fruit the first year. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Jenny Self Fertile Kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa. The first self-fertile fuzzy kiwi! Large, pubescent, heart-shaped leaves. The vine grows to 15-20 ft. Egg-shaped fruit with fuzzy brown skin and green flesh. Harvest late summer/early fall.
All-in-One Genetic Semi-Dwarf Almond No. 1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required to ripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter and frost hardy. 300-400 hrs. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Colossal Chestnut Thought to be a hybrid of Asian and European chestnuts. High quality medium to large size nuts fall easily from hull, are easy to peel. Large, long-lived, spreading tree. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Nevada or Colossal seedling.
Nevada Chestnut Pollenizer for Colossal - also a good producer. One Nevada can pollenize 8 to 10 Colossal trees. Not tolerant of alkaline soil. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Colossal.
Kerman Female Pistachio Long hot summers required to ripen. Plant from containers only, do not disturb root ball when handling. Very slow-growing to 20-30 ft. Drought-resistant. 800 hours. Pollenized by Peters.
Chandler Walnut Developed by U.C. Davis. Heavy bearing (bears on lateral buds, not just terminals like Hartley). High quality light-colored nuts. Smaller tree than Hartley, good choice for backyard walnut. Fall harvest. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Franquette Walnut Last English walnut to leaf out, less susceptible to spring frost damage. Very large tree, excellent shade. Fair production of well sealed, thin-shelled, high quality nuts. Pollenizer for Hartley. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Hartley Walnut Former long-time No. 1 walnut in California for its quality and dependability. Large, thin-shelled, well-sealed nut. Light-colored flavorful kernel. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut.)
Idaho Carpathian Walnut Cold hardy carpathian-type. Large, sweet, high quality kernel. Bears young and heavy. Vigorous tree. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut.)
Livermore Red Walnut The unique red kernal of Livermore Red has attracted quite a following among Farmers Market growers and specialty stores. The growth characteristics are similar to Chandler walnut. This U.C. Davis introduction is self-fruitful and requires 700 chill hours. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Okame Flowering Cherry Profuse, pink bloom is early, long-lasting. Moderately upright growth habit. Dark green foliage changes to yellow-orange-red in fall. Hardy to Zone 5.
Weeping Flowering Cherry Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula' Prunus subhirtella ‘pendula’) Showy double pink flowers. High-grafted at about six feet, tree grows to 12-18 ft. Graceful weeping limbs nearly reach the ground. Requires good drainage. Cold hardy. Not tolerant of desert heat.
Floribunda Flowering Crabapple Profuse single pink flowers, aging white. Green leaves, small fruit. Height to 20 ft., spreading habit.
Late Red Flowering Peach Prunus persica 'Late Red' Magnificent double red flowers. Late bloom, good choice to follow early bloomers or for frost-prone areas. Fast growth to 20 ft. high by 20 ft. wide.
Bradford Flowering Pear Pyrus calleryana 'Bradford' One of the most popular ornamental deciduous trees. Snow-white bloom in spring. Attractive glossy foliage turns red in fall. Moderately upright growth to 40 ft. or more.
Krauter Vesuvius Flowering Plum Prunus cerasifera 'Krauter Vesuvius' Dark purple leaves, light pink blossoms, little or no fruit. Relatively small tree, 18 ft. high by 12 ft. wide. Favorite purple leaf plum for California. Foliage of newly planted trees sometimes greenish until vigorous growth begins. Traditional K.V. form: 30" trunk. Also grown and sold as low-head (18" trunk) and high-head (5 ft. trunk).
Super Red™ Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles japonica ‘Moned’) Spectacular, large, bright red flowers in late winter/early spring. Cut branches placed in water will bloom indoors. Upright growth to 8 by 6-8 ft. wide. Prune after bloom season.
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris (Syringa vulgaris) Large showy clusters of pink to purplish-blue flowers, wonderful fragrance. Best in full sun (light shade in hottest areas), slightly alkaline soil. Grows to 20 by 20 ft. USDA zones 5-9.
Katherine Havemeyer Lilac (French Hybrid) Double pink flowers. Full flowering and true color reached in 2-3 years. Plants bloom best after cold winters. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), prefers alkaline soil, average water. 10-15 ft. bush.
President Grevy Lilac (French Hybrid) Double blue flowers. Full flowering and true color reached in 2-3 years. Plants bloom best after cold winters. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), alkaline soil, average water. 10-15 ft. bush.
Sensation Lilac (French Hybrid) Single flowers, dark red edged with white. Full flowering and true color reached in 2-3 years. Plants bloom best after cold winters. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), prefers alkaline soil, average water. 10-15 ft. bush.
Issai Perfect Wisteria Extremely long clusters of light violet flowers to 3 ft. in length.
Raywood Ash Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywoodi' Fast growing, tolerates heat, cold, alkaline soil. Compact, round-headed. Small, delicate leaves, lacy appearance. Purplish-red fall color. No seeds. 25-35 ft.
Dura-Heat® River Birch Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Highly resistant to birch borers and miner. Less vigorous than Betula nigra species. White bark, dense canopy of dark green leaves.
Western Catalpa Catalpa speciosa Widely adapted - cold or hot climates. All soils. Large, heart-shaped leaves, long seed capsules shaped like beans. White flowers in late spring and summer. Flowers & pods litter beneath tree. 40-60 ft. high.
Morning Cloud Chitalpa Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Morning Cloud' (Chitalpa tashkentensis `Morning Cloud’) Chilopsis linearis x Catalpa bignonioides. Very fast growing, single or multi-stemmed tree reaches 20 by 20 ft. Drought tolerant. Large clusters of purple-throated, trumpet-shaped white flowers. Long, narrow, attractive, glossy green leaves. Well adapted to low desert climates of southwestern USDA Zones 7-10
Drake Evergreen Elm Ulmus parvifolia 'Drake' (Ulmus parvifolia ‘Drake’) Deciduous in cold climates, evergreen elsewhere. Very fast growth to 50 ft. Long arching/weeping limbs, tree wider than tall. Virtually pest/disease-free. USDA Zones 6-10.
Chinese Fringe Tree Chionanthus retusus Magnificent in bloom. Moderate grower to 20 ft. Flowers in clusters to 4 inches in length.
Golden Rain Tree Koelreuteria paniculata (Koelreuteria paniculata) Slowly reaches 30 by 30 ft. Open habit, gives light shade. Compound leaves, yellow flower clusters, ornamental seed pods. Tolerates heat, wind, drought, cold, alkaline soil. USDA Zones 6-10.
Purple Robe Locust Robinia pseudoacacia 'Purple Robe' Shapely deciduous tree to 40 ft. Tolerates heat/cold/poor soil/drought. Small leaflets, reddish new growth. Large, purplish pink showy flowers, prolonged bloom. Deep watering recommended. Alternate scientific name Robinia x ambigua 'Purple Robe'. All zones.
Autumn Fantasy® Maple Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Fantasy' Acer × freemanii ‘DTR 102’) Hybrid of red maple and silver maple. Bright red fall color, even in warm climates. Fast-growing, strong-limbed, tolerates alkaline soil, drought. USDA zones 5-9.
Wilson Mimosa Albizia julibrissin 'Wilson' (Albizzia julibrissin ‘Wilson’) Rapid growth to 35 ft. high by 50 ft. wide. Fernlike branches, pink pompom flowers. Tolerates hot summer, desert conditions. Drought tolerant, but best with ample water. USDA Zones 6-10.
Fruitless Mulberry Morus alba 'Fruitless' Fast-growing, to 40 by 50 ft., dense shade. Tolerates summer heat, alkaline soil. Drought tolerant, but best with ample water and feeding. Not necessary to prune back to trunk each winter. All zones.
Western Redbud Cercis occidentalis (Cercis occidentalis) Single or multi-trunked tree to 15 by 15 ft. Spectacular, bright purplish-pink sweet-pea-shaped flowers. Yellow to red fall color. Drought tolerant, resistant to oak root fungus. USDA Zones 4-9.
Western Redbud, clump Cercis occidentalis Single or multi-trunked tree to 15 by 15 ft. Spectacular, bright purplish-pink sweet-pea-shaped flowers. Yellow to red fall color. Drought tolerant, resistant to oak root fungus. Sunset Zones 2-24. Clump form is a multi-trunked tree.
Royal Purple Smoke Tree, bush form Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple' Purple foliage, rich purple "smoke": hazy-appearing clusters of fuzzy, purple flower stalks. Multi-trunked shrub or small tree to 20 by 20 ft. Likes cold, needs good drainage, resists oak root fungus. All zones.
Columbia Sycamore Platanus x acerfolia 'Columbia' Similar to London planes, but having greater resistance to anthracnose. Fast-growing to 80 ft. Large maple-like leaves, distinctive patchy bark pattern. Very desirable for street, park, and lawn plantings. Sunset zones 2-24. USDA zones 4-10.
Corkscrew Willow Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa' Remarkable growth pattern of twisted, spiraling branches. Less dependent on high soil moisture than other willows - good choice for high desert. Grows to 30 by 20 ft. All zones.