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RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
44901 Harmon Drive
Laytonville, California 95454
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2023:
Arkansas Black Spur Apple Large, late season. Dark red skin, high quality even where summer nights are warm. For dessert and cooking. Keeps many months. Chilling requirement 500-600 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Partly self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California’s favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Ghost Apple For the apple lover who wants a truly unique variety, the Ghost apple is in a category by itself. Totally white skin and flesh with sweet, sub-acid flavor. Does well in hot climates. Harvest in early July. Pollenized by any mid-season blooming apple. 300-400 chill hours, high-chill adaptable. USPP applied for. (Zaiger)
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10. A.k.a. Yellow Delicious.
Golden Russet Apple One of the great family orchard apples of 19th century America. Crisp, aromatic, sub acid, creamy yellow flesh with great flavor and legendary sugary juice. Used fresh and for cider, drying and cooking. Ripens about with Spitzenburg: late September/early October in Central CA. Ripe fruit hangs on the tree until frost, fruit stored properly keeps until April. Skin partly to almost completely russeted, varying from grayish-green or greenish-yellow to an attractive golden brown with orange highlights. Winter hardy, vigorous tree, bears mostly on the tips of branches. Medium size. Good disease resistance. Apparently originated in New York as a seedling of English Russet sometime in the 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination. USDA Zones 4-6.
Granny Smith Apple From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 400 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-9.
Jonagold Apple Superb flavor, a connoisseur's choice. A cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious. Yellow with red-orange blush. Crisp, juicy, subacid, all-purpose. 700-800 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Pollenized by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith or Red Delicious, but not Golden Delicious.
Liberty Apple Disease resistant, cold hardy apple. Resists scab, rust, mildew, fire blight. Solid red even in hot climate. Crisp, rich sprightly flavor. Fresh or cooked. Early fall harvest. Interfruitful with Red Delicious, Empire, McIntosh. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
Pink Lady® Apple Hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful in many western U.S. climates; pollenizer recommended for best production. 300-400 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Pink Pearl Apple Unusual pink fleshed, highly aromatic fruit. Medium-sized, cream and pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Tart to sweet-tart, depending on time of picking. Early fall harvest. Good keeper. Makes colorful, tasty applesauce. Early, profuse, pink blossoms in spring. 600 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-8.
Red Delicious (Bisbee Spur) Apple Sweet, crisp, flavorful perhaps the best Red Delicious. Early fall. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. 700 hours. Pollenized by Liberty, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala. USDA Zones 4-7.
Red Gravenstein Apple Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful & tart. Green with red stripes. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties. USDA Zones 2-9.
Winesap (Double Red Stayman Winesap) Apple Long time favorite late red apple. Juicy, smooth texture. Lively flavor, used fresh or cooked. 800 hours. Pollenized by Red or Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala, Liberty. USDA Zones 5-8.
Yellow Newton Pippin Apple Yellow green, late, firm, crisp, slightly tart, superb flavor. For peak flavor and acid/sugar balance, wait to harvest until cheeks are blushed yellowish-green (late Oct./early Nov. in Central CA). Good keeper. Famous for cooking, excellent fresh or dried. Vigorous tree. 700 hours. Proven very productive in trial with much less chilling than the estimated requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Harcot Apricot From Canada. Frost hardy late bloom. Resists brown rot and perennial canker. Medium to large fruit ripens early to mid-June in Central CA. Sweet, juicy, rich flavor - one of the best. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Leah Cot Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Large size Aprium® with deep orange color inside and out. Reliable annual bearer, high flavor and firm texture, ripens mid to late June. Self-fruitful, required chill 500 hours or less. Zones 7-10. U.S. Plant Patent No. 21863 (Zaiger)
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Hosui Asian Pear Consistently rated the best-tasting Asian pear at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large, juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Brownish-orange russeted skin. Harvest early to mid-August in Central CA. 300-400 hours. Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or 20th Century.
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Black Tartarian Cherry Medium-sized, nearly black, sprightly flavor, early season. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 5-7.
Compact Stella Cherry Compact growth habit, semi-dwarf to 12 ft. Large, dark red fruit ripens late May. Self-fruitful. 500-800 hours. UDSA Zones 4-9.
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as ‘Self-fertile Bing.’ Ripens 4 days after Bing. 500 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Multi-Bud Cherry, Rainier-Bing-Lapins-Van Rainier, Bing, Lapins and Van budded onto Mazzard rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
North Star Dwarf Sour Cherry Attractive, densely foliated, naturally small tree grows to about 8-10 ft. Hardy to -40 deg F, very productive, resists cracking and brown rot. Often bears in second year. Large, meaty, tart, red-skinned fruit with red juice. Excellent for pies and cobblers, also used fresh when fully ripe. From Minnesota, introduced in 1950. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Rainier Cherry Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful. Very cold hardy. Midseason harvest. 700 hours. Pollenized by Van, Lambert, Lapins, Black Tartarian & Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Van Cherry Very cold hardy, reliable, heavy bearing. Fine fruit similar to Bing, though usually smaller. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 4-9.
Dolgo Crabapple Long-time favorite all-purpose crabapple, imported from Russia in late 19th century. Large, fragrant, white flowers. 1 1/2-inch oval-shaped red fruit makes tasty, bright red jelly. Vigorous, upright, open tree to 30 by 25 ft. Resistant to scab, rust, mildew, fire blight. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. A recommended pollenizer for many commercial apple varieties.
Black Mission Fig The industry standard. Purplish-black skin, strawberry-colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Panache Fig (A.k.a. “Tiger”) Especially fine flavor! Small to medium-sized fruit with green color and yellow “tiger” stripes. Strawberry pulp is blood-red in color. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Black Beauty Mulberry (Morus nigra sp.) Large, shiny fruit similar to Persian. Can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Attractive to birds. Self-fruitful. 200 hours or less. USDA Zones 4-10.
Pakistan Fruiting Mulberry Morus alba 'Pakistan' Long (3 inches), firm, red to black, sweet fruit. Non-staining juice. Month-long early summer harvest. Fruit used fresh and for pies, jams and jellies. Large, vigorous, disease-resistant tree.
Fantasia Nectarine Popular, large, yellow freestone. Early harvest fruit is firm-ripe and tangy, later harvest is sweet with rich flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central CA. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Heavenly White - White Nectarine One of the highest-scoring fruits in Dave Wilson Nursery taste tests. Very large, firm, white-fleshed freestone. Superb acid/sugar balance and rich, complex flavor, a connoisseur's delight. Dull red and cream colored skin. Mid-July in Central CA. 650 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Honey Kist Nectarine Early-ripening yellow nectarine with high sugar and low acid (no tartness). Harvest begins late June in Central CA,about with Independence nectarine. (Begin picking before the fruit begins to soften, the subacid varieties have the advantage of being good to eat before they reach peak ripeness.) 500 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 9333) (Zaiger)
Mericrest Nectarine Very cold hardy, frost hardy, late bloom. Crops after sub-zero winters. Large, red-skinned yellow freestone with rich tangy flavor. Very high scoring in taste tests, highly recommended. Mid-July in Central CA. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Mission Olive The classic California olive, this variety is the most versatile for the home garden. Whether for curing or oil production, Mission is considered a true edible ornamental. Colder hardier than most olive varieties. Self-fruitful but produces higher yields with a pollenizer.
Arctic Supreme White Peach Two-time taste test winner. Large, white flesh, nearly freestone when fully ripe. Red over cream colored skin. Sweet and tangy, fine delicate flavor, firm texture. Peak quality reached a short while after picking. Harvest late July/early August in Central CA. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Elberta Peach Famous yellow freestone. Classic, rich peach flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Use fresh, canned or cooked. Ripe late July/early August in Central CA, up to 3-4 weeks later in colder climates. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.
Frost Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl (10-year trials at Washington State Univ.). Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish-yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. Showy pink bloom in spring. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Redhaven Peach Long one of the world’s most widely planted peaches. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens early July in Central CA. Frost hardy, excellent producer. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Sweet Bagel Peach Flat 'donut' shaped peach with yellow flesh and classic peach flavor. Tree sets heavy crops of large fruit in Central California. Moderate chill requirement, 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
Fuyu (Imoto) Persimmon Large size. Compared to Jiro, Imoto is more square and flattened. Non-astringent. (Good eating while still hard.) Self- fruitful. 200 hours. USDA Zones 7-10.
Fuyu (Jiro) Persimmon (“Apple Persimmon”) Medium size, flat shape, still crunchy when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practically pest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Burgundy Plum Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. High taste test scores. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Very productive tree with narrow, upright habit. 300 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Santa Rosa Plum Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Reddish purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Flavor King Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Unique plum-apricot hybrid with sensational bouquet and sweet, spicy flavor. Reddish-purple skin, crimson flesh. Harvest mid-August in Central CA. Naturally small tree. 400 hours or less. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot® or Dapple Dandy Pluot® and Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa plum. (Zaiger)
Ambrosia Pomegranate Medium to large, pale pink skin, purple sweet-tart juice, similar to Wonderful. Long-lived, inland or coastal climate. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.
Legacy Northern Highbush Blueberry A USDA introduction from the blueberry research station in New Jersey. Vigorous grower producing medium to large size berries late in the season. Uniquely robust sweet flavor, highly rated in USDA trials. Zones 4-8. Estimated at 800 chill hours. Self-fruitful.
Misty Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Early season. In the West Misty is quite vigorous, growing very well on the coast and in the inland heat. This especially flavorful fruit does well in areas with chilling as low as 150 hours and all areas with mild winters and hot summers.
Boysenberry Thornless Rubus ursinus var. loganobaccus, a hybrid of blackberry, raspberry, dewberry and loganberry. Very large berry up to 2.5", dark maroon in color with an intense, tangy, sweet flavor. Excellent quality with few seeds and a pleasant aroma. Vine-like trailing growth habit. Harvest through summer. Self-fruitful, best in zones 5-10.
Fall Gold Raspberry Everbearing - Hybrid of Taylor X wild Korean mountain berry X Fall Red. Large to very large golden berries of excellent flavor. Extremely sweet and soft textured. Very adaptable and winter hardy. Harvest June through fall. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Nova Red Raspberry Medium size dark red fruit. Mild flavor. Firm when ripe and very suited for U-pick, fresh market and freezing. Bears early May, June. Disease resistant, very cold hardy. Very few thorns. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 3 - 9, but also has done well in zones 10 and 11.
Triple Crown Blackberry Thornless - Named for its three crowning attributes: flavor, productivity and vigor. Large, firm and flavorful berries. Can produce up to 30 lbs. of fruit per vine. Great for fresh use and canning. Long, semi-trailing canes require support. Highly adaptable. Summer harvest. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 5-10.
Goji Berry Lycium barbarum (aka Wolfberry) Highly acclaimed for high nutrient and antioxidant value. Recently termed a superfood. Ripe berries can be used fresh, dried, frozen and in teas. Goji has an appealing spicy, nutty flavor. Berries are bright red-orange when ripe. Harvest summer through fall. Shrubby plant to 8-12 ft. or prune to desired manageable size. Hardy to sub-zero and very drought tolerant once established. Requires neutral to slightly alkaline soil. Well adapted to container growing. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-11.
Black Velvet Gooseberry Produces heavy crops of delicious large and sweet deep purple berries. These berries resemble blueberries when allowed to fully ripen on the vine. Very mildew and disease resistant along with being very winter hardy. Best in zones 4 - 8. Self-fruitful.
Hinnomaki Red Gooseberry Medium-sized red berry that has a slightly tangy skin and very sweet flesh. The bush has an upright growing habit and is mildew and disease resistant. More adaptable to warmer winter climates. Zone 4-9. Self-fruitful.
Crimson Seedless Grape Newer late season seedless grape, ripens early October in Fresno, CA. Medium size, firm, very sweet, excellent quality. Cane prune. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Interlaken Seedless Grape Hybrid of Thompson Seedless & American. More cold hardy than Thompson. Less heat to ripen. Pale green berry is sweet, crisp. Early harvest. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Issai Hardy Kiwifruit Actinidia arguta 'Issai' . Fuzzless fruit: no need to peel. Smaller than the standard kiwi, often sweeter. Very high in vitamin C. Much more winter hardy than Hayward. New growth tender to frost, but plant recovers quickly. Often sets fruit the first year. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
All-in-One Genetic Semi-Dwarf Almond No. 1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required to ripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter and frost hardy. 300-400 hrs. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Garden Prince Genetic Dwarf Almond Compact, lushly foliated 10-12 ft. tree. Soft shell, kernels especially sweet and tasty. Bears young and heavy. Large, light pink blossoms. 250 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Western Schley Pecan Easy to grow, hardy tree. Less fussy about soil and nutrition. Long, tapered, medium-sized, thin-shelled nuts. Fine quality, midseason. 250 hours. Self-fruitful
Carmelo Walnut Late leafing and blooming, adapted to colder climate than Hartley or other popular English walnuts. Very large, well filled nut. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Royalty Flowering Crabapple Single purplish-red bloom. Very striking dark purple leaves contrast nicely with green-leafed trees and shrubs. Small fruit is dark red, ornamental. Very cold hardy. Small tree to 15 by 15 ft.
Snowdrift Flowering Crabapple Late, long-lasting, single white flowers. Glossy green leaves, small fruit. Dense, rounded form to 20 ft. high.
Thundercloud Flowering Plum Prunus cerasifera 'Thundercloud' Abundant, light pink to white flowers, dark purple leaves. Sometimes has small fruits suitable for jam/jelly. Rounded shape to 20 ft. high by 20 ft. wide.
Texas Scarlet Flowering Quince Chaenomeles speciosa 'Texas Scarlet' (Chaenomeles x superba ‘Texas Scarlet’) Orange-red flowers in spring, Round-shaped shrub. Height to 3 ft. From a cross between C. japonica and C. speciosa.
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris (Syringa vulgaris) Large showy clusters of pink to purplish-blue flowers, wonderful fragrance. Best in full sun (light shade in hottest areas), slightly alkaline soil. Grows to 20 by 20 ft. USDA zones 5-9.
Morning Cloud Chitalpa Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Morning Cloud' (Chitalpa tashkentensis `Morning Cloud’) Chilopsis linearis x Catalpa bignonioides. Very fast growing, single or multi-stemmed tree reaches 20 by 20 ft. Drought tolerant. Large clusters of purple-throated, trumpet-shaped white flowers. Long, narrow, attractive, glossy green leaves. Well adapted to low desert climates of southwestern USDA Zones 7-10
Purple Robe Locust Robinia pseudoacacia 'Purple Robe' Shapely deciduous tree to 40 ft. Tolerates heat/cold/poor soil/drought. Small leaflets, reddish new growth. Large, purplish pink showy flowers, prolonged bloom. Deep watering recommended. Alternate scientific name Robinia x ambigua 'Purple Robe'. All zones.
Autumn Blaze® Maple Acer x freemanii 'Jeffersred' (Acer × freemanii ‘Jeffersred’) Hybrid of silver maple and red maple. Has character and fall color similar to red maple with adaptability comparable to silver maple. Dense oval shaped canopy. Bright red to orange fall color. Drought tolerant. USDA zones 5-9.
Wilson Mimosa Albizia julibrissin 'Wilson' (Albizzia julibrissin ‘Wilson’) Rapid growth to 35 ft. high by 50 ft. wide. Fernlike branches, pink pompom flowers. Tolerates hot summer, desert conditions. Drought tolerant, but best with ample water. USDA Zones 6-10.
Fruitless Mulberry Morus alba 'Fruitless' Fast-growing, to 40 by 50 ft., dense shade. Tolerates summer heat, alkaline soil. Drought tolerant, but best with ample water and feeding. Not necessary to prune back to trunk each winter. All zones.
Western Redbud, clump Cercis occidentalis Single or multi-trunked tree to 15 by 15 ft. Spectacular, bright purplish-pink sweet-pea-shaped flowers. Yellow to red fall color. Drought tolerant, resistant to oak root fungus. Sunset Zones 2-24. Clump form is a multi-trunked tree.
Royal Purple Smoke Tree Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’ Purple foliage, rich purple “smoke”: hazy-appearing clusters of fuzzy, purple flower stalks. Multi-trunked shrub or small tree to 20 by 20 ft. Likes cold, needs good drainage, resists oak root fungus. All Zones.
Golden Weeping Willow Salix babylonica x Salix alba 'Tristis' Fast-growing, cold hardy, short dormant period. Distinctive ornamental: yellow new growth against green older foliage and branches. Grows to 80 by 80 ft. or more (much larger than standard willow). Invasive roots. All zones, but best where winters are cold. Sometimes named Salix babylonica 'Aurea'.
Weeping Willow Salix babylonica Fast-growing, cold hardy, short dormant period. Long narrow leaves, pronounced weeping growth habit. Needs plenty of water. Stake high to develop usable area underneath. 30 by 30 ft. or larger.